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Acronyms, Terms, and other things we need to know

collected by Carolyn K., director, Hoagies' Gifted Education Page

Another set of TLAs!  Huh?  You know, TLAs... Three Letter Acronyms. 

I hate acronyms.  But they sure do make it easier to type e-mail messages.  It's the same in gifted, and to complicate things, there are another set of acronyms for internet and e-mail users that get mixed up in our conversation,  You can't tell the gifted lingo from the e-mail lingo.  So here's a list, alphabetical of course, of all those annoying little acronyms and terms.  Enjoy!

For information on specific tests, including the abbreviations the tests are usually referred to by, visit Inventory of Tests.  Read below for test scoring terms, including age-equivalent, chronological age (CA) grade-equivalent (GE), percent, percentile (PR), raw score, standard deviation (SD) and standard score (SS), stanine, Standard Error of Measure (SEM) and more.  For more detailed information on testing terms, read  What Do the Tests Tell Us?

#{letters} On Twitter, a Hashtag
#gtchat On Twitter, a interactive chat on a variety gifted topics that meets for 1 hour twice each Friday, compliments of Ingeniosus. For more on social networking groups, visit Gifted Online Communities
143 Shorthand for "I Love You"... I (1 letter) Love (4 letters) You (3 letters)
2E See Twice Exceptional in this list
504 Plan Disability accommodation plan conferred to individuals under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, see Twice Exceptional in this list or Twice Exceptional page, particularly Key Differences Between Section 504, the ADA, and the IDEA
Above-level testing See Out-of-level testing in this list
Acceleration Students study material that is part of the normal curriculum for older students. Acceleration is not just skipping grades; there are as many as 16 different forms of Acceleration, including subject and grade acceleration, early entrance, telescoping, and more.  See Academic Acceleration
Achievement Test Test designed to measure achievement in specific subject areas. Though an achievement test may give standard scores, these are not comparable to IQ scores. May be group or individual tests; group tests only offer information about the specific group or grade being tested, while individual tests offer information no matter how far the individual being tested is from the norm for the group / grade.  See Testing and Assessment
ACT American College Test, designed to assess high school students' general educational development and their ability to complete college-level work. Covers four skill areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. Some Talent Search programs use the ACT as an out-of-level achievement test for gifted 7th graders. Visit ACT Program
AD/HD Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. This is often diagnosed instead of giftedness, in gifted children who cannot sit still when they are bored in school. More recently, there has been a swing in the opposite direction, where gifted children who are ADHD are not diagnosed since they are gifted.  See Gifted and AD/HD
Age-equivalent score (AE) Seen most often on individual achievement tests. An average child of the age specified would score the same as your child.  See What Do the Tests Tell Us?
AoPS Art of Problem Solving, a distance education math program.  See Distance Learning Programs
AP or Advanced Placement College-level courses for high school students. These courses are not always as hard, or as easy, as similarly named college courses, depending on the college.  They are not always accepting for college credit, depending on the college, and if the AP course is in the student's college major.  Some colleges that do not accept AP courses for credit, will accept them for advanced placement into college courses, if the AP courses are not in the student's major.  Visit AP Central
APD Auditory Processing Disorder, previously known as CAPD - Central Auditory Processing Disorder. Words / sounds are not processed in the expected / traditional way, creating a disability. See Auditory Processing Disorder (APD / CAPD)
AS or Aspie Asperger's Syndrome, or just Aspergers. New in 2014, Aspergers is no longer a diagnosis per the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V). Future Asperger's Syndrome diagnoses may be identified as HFA (High Functioning Autism) or PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Delay - Not Otherwise Specified).  See Asperger's Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism for more, no matter what you call it.
AYP Adequate Yearly Progress. NCLB term. Specifies minimum progress for grade level students during school year, based on grade level academic standards. Currently does NOT mention progress for students already exceeding grade level academic standards before the school year begins.
BFF Best Friend Forever. It's the peer that gifted kids crave, the friend for ALL things academic, social and more. And it's the same-sex peer that gifted adults still need, in my opinion.  See Social / Emotional Aspects of Giftedness
BIQ Beyond IQ conferences. Series of conferences held each year across the country, for hg/eg/pg families and professionals. See Gifted Conferences for a list of all gifted conferences, or visit Gifted Conference Planners for Beyond IQ specifics
Blog Short for weblog. A blog is a journal that is frequently updated, reflects the personality and opinions of the author, and is intended for general public consumption.  See Gifted Mailing Lists, Message Boards, Blogs for a list of many gifted resources...
BRB Be Right Back (more common in Instant Messaging than e-mail)
BS no, it doesn't mean that!  It means Beloved Spouse... a Cathy-ism
  GtTS and WIO
Been There, Done That, and it's corollaries, Got the T-Shirt and Wore It Out!
BTW By The Way...
CAPD Central Auditory Processing Disorder, see APD in this list, and Auditory Processing Disorder (APD / CAPD)
CBA Curriculum Based Assessment. See Why Should I Have My Child Tested?
CBT Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.  A psychotherapy based on cognitions, assumptions, beliefs, and behaviors, with the aim of influencing disturbed emotions.  See Wikipedia...
CC Community College.  In America, community college is a two-year program resulting in an associates degree.  Many gifted student take CC courses long before college, and use them for high school credit instead.  (Or means communication is copied, followed by the party it is copied to...)
Charter school Nonsectarian US public schools of choice that operate with freedom from many of the regulations that apply to traditional public schools. The "charter" establishing each such school is a performance contract detailing the school's mission, program, goals, students served, methods of assessment, and ways to measure success.  Visit US Charter Schools for more information
Chat-Speak text abbreviations used online and in text messages, such as BRB, BTDT, BTW, LOL, TTYL, etc. defined elsewhere on this page.  Read the L.A. Times story Language that makes you say OMG
CHC Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory of intelligence.  The theory that the Woodcook-Johnson Cognitive test is based on.  See Institute for Applied Psychometrics (IAP) for more...
chronological age (CA) age of child
Cluster Grouping Similar ability students in a grade are grouped together in a single class, to allow social and academic interaction between peers.  These groups are flexible, allowing students to join or leave, by subject or school year.  This differentiates cluster grouping from tracking.  See Grouping Gifted Children
Compacting Instruction entails reduced amounts of introductory activities, drill, and practice. Instructional experiences may also be based on relatively fewer instructional objectives compared to the general curriculum. The time gained may be used for more advanced content instruction or to participate in enrichment activities. Instructional goals should be selected on the basis of careful analyses for their roles in the content and hierarchies of curricula. The parsing of activities and goals should be based on pre-instructional assessment.  See Curriculum Modifications. Definition from A Nation Deceived, volume 2, page 14.
Correspondence Courses School classes offered by correspondence, often for geographical reasons, but with gifted students may also be for acceleration reasons.  See Distance Learning Programs
confidence interval a common use of the standard measure of error (SEM).  To select students with a specific score within a 68% confidence interval, one must include all students who score more than the desired score minus the SEM for the test.  To select students within a 90% confidence interval, one must include all students who score more than the desired score minus 1.65 times the SEM for the test.  This means when using screening tests to screen for giftedness with 68% confidence, the school must look at all students scoring 130 minus the SEM for the screening measure, or for 90% confidence, all students scoring 130 minus 1.65 times the SEM.
CST Child Study Team, often used by public schools with twice exceptional or LD children
CTD Northwestern's Center for Talent Development, including a summer talent search program, and LetterLinks, a Distance Learning program. See Talent Search and Distance Learning Programs
CTY Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth.  Programs include Talent Search summer program for grades 2-10, full academic assessment services, and writing and math distance education program. See also Talent Search
Dabrowski's Dabrowski's Over Excitabilities.  Extreme sensitivities in one or more arenas.  See Dabrowski and Sensitivities
DAS Differential Abilities Scales.  A fairly new (1989) IQ test, said to be a good option for visual / spatial and twice exceptional gifted children.  See Testing and Assessment
Davidson Young Scholars Program to support 4-16 year old profoundly gifted children.  Visit Davidson Young Scholars
DD / DS /
also MIL / FIL
Dear Daughter / Son / Husband / Wife, also Mother-in-Law, Father-in-Law
Differentiation Teaching something different than the curriculum taught to the rest of the students.  Differentiation may include enrichment, curriculum compacting, subject acceleration, and more.  Visit Differentiation of Instruction
DIKU? Do I Know yoU?
Distance Learning High-tech alternative to correspondence courses, these classes are offered via satellite or internet.  See Distance Learning Programs
DITD Davidson Institute for Talent Development.  Visit Davidson Young Scholars
DOVD Developmental Optometrist.  This type of doctor evaluates for potential vision therapy, for vision issues beyond simple acuity, including eye tracking, teaming, visual / motor integration, and more.  See Professionals
DT - PI Diagnostic Testing followed by Prescribed Instruction.  Read Helping students learn only what they don't already know
Dual Enrollment Enrollment in two levels of schooling simultaneously; application of credits varies.  Commonly used for high school students who concurrently take college courses, for at least high school credit.
Dually Identified Identified as both Gifted and Learning Disabled.  See Twice Exceptional in this list
Early Entrance Entrance to any program before the regularly scheduled time.  This may be entrance to Kindergarten at age 4 or 4.5, 1st grade at regular kindergarten age 5, or entrance to any other school level or college early.  For the youngest level, visit Early (or Late) Kindergarten; for older kids visit Early College Entrance Programs
EG / HG / PG
 and MG
 and xG
Levels of giftedness.  The most commonly used definition is that Gifted is IQ 130 or higher.  This is then divided into Moderately (or Mildly) Gifted (MG),  Highly Gifted (HG), Exceptionally Gifted (EG), and Profoundly Gifted (PG). The IQ scores associated with these levels varies, depending on the test and version used for assessment.  (XG usually means any combination of above, or an unknown level of giftedness.) But there are complications to this simple definition... see Why Should I Have My Child Tested? and What is Highly Gifted? Exceptionally Gifted? Profoundly Gifted? And What Does It Mean?
eIMACS interactive Institute for Mathematics & Computer Science.  On-line interactive mathematics and computer science curricula to talented middle and high school school and undergraduate students.  See Distance Learning Programs
Enrichment students study additional material at the grade level they have already mastered.  Also known as MOTS (More Of The Same). Read Horizontal "enrichment" vs. vertical "acceleration"
EPGY Educational Program for Gifted Youth.  K-8 and advanced math program, developed by Stanford.  This program is currently available through Stanford, and through Johns Hopkins as a part of its Math Tutorials program. See On EPGY
ESL / ELL English, Second Language, also known as ELL (English Language Learners), Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD), Limited English Proficient (LEP).  An underserved gifted population. See Gifted / ESL
Explore Explore elementary talent search test, often given to 3rd-6th grade students as part of Talent Search testing (American College Testing Program (ACT))
F2F Face to Face, as in meeting another person in person.  A great idea, when exercised carefully...
Facebook Social networking site that offers many communities of parents and professionals in gifted education.  See Gifted Online Communities for popular Facebook communities...
Facelift To copy a post or link from another FaceBook member
FB FaceBook, a popular social networking site
FERPA Family Education Rights and Privacy Act.  Federal law that says, among other things, that parents are entitled to copies of children's educational testing results, including IQ test results.  See Gifted Advocacy
Flame An insulting attack on an individual, usually delivered via e-mail.  An exchange of flames is referred to as a Flame War
Flipped Classroom Students learn at home via educational technology and online discussions, then engage and interact with teachers and classmates at school. Excellent InfoGraphic definition from Mind/Shift
FOIA Freedom Of Information Act.  See FERPA
FYI For Your Information
<g> Grin
GAI Global Ability Index, an alternative calculation to the WISC-IV Full Scale IQ score, that removes the Working Memory and Processing Speed scales from the calculation, if they inaccurately lowered the Full Scale IQ score.  See An Inventory of Tests for the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children, and click on Harcourt Assessment WISC-IV Technical Report #4 General Ability Index for more details.  This calculation should be provided by your assessment professional, if appropriate, but many psychologists are not aware of the publisher's updates to their assessments
GATE Gifted And Talented Education.  Gifted program name used by some districts and some states, notably California
GDC The Gifted Development Center, in Denver Colorado.  A commonly recommended center for assessment of gifted children
g,d,r grin, duck, and run...
GIEP / GEP Gifted Individual Education Plan / Gifted Education Plan.  In some states, gifted students receive GIEPs or GEPs.  Check Mandates for your state / province
GMDE / GMDT Gifted Multi-Disciplinary Evaluation / Gifted Multi-Disciplinary Team (state language for gifted students varies)
GR8 Great!
Grade Acceleration Also called Grade skipping. Student takes entire grade level with older students, and continues educational progress with that class.  This is a commonly used educational strategy for exceptionally and profoundly gifted students. See Academic Acceleration
Grade-equivalent score (GE) Similar to age equivalent score. An average child of the grade specified would score about the same as your child, had s/he taken the same test. If this score is from an individual achievement test, it is a fair comparison of this child to the average child in the specified grade.  If this score is from a group achievement test, however, it means only that this child scored as well as a child of the specified grade, IF that child had taken this child's grade level test; it does not predict how this child would have scored on the specified grade level's achievement test.

If the grade equivalent score is significantly above the current grade on any achievement test, you might consider out-of-level testing to get a better idea of the child's true level.  See What Do the Tests Tell Us?

GRC The Gifted Resource Center of New England, in Rhode Island. A commonly recommended center for assessment of twice exceptional gifted children
Grouping Temporary classroom groups of children by ability for an individual subject, not to be confused with the more permanent (and potentially detrimental) tracking.  See Grouping
GT or G/T Gifted and Talented
GT-Families / GT-Special Mailing lists for families of gifted students.  GT-Families is general information; GT-Special is for families of twice exceptional gifted students.  See Gifted Online Communities
#gtchat see # above...
Hashtag On Twitter, a searchable term used to delimit communities of information.  #gtchat is the hashtag that indicates the weekly Ingeniousus gifted chats, for example.  Search on #gifted, #2e, #homeschool, and other terms to find the gifted community on Twitter. Visit What the Hashtag? to get search results easily...
HFA High Functioning Autism, the new name for Aspergers Disorder as of the new psychological manual, DSM-V.  Also sometimes identified as PDD/NOS. For more, visit Asperger's Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism
HT Hat Tip, a thanks to the person who originally posted the resource that's being shared
HTH Hope This Helps!
IAS or Iowa Iowa Acceleration Scale.  A survey (not a test) that takes into consideration a child's existing test scores, plus many factors from size & age to school and parent support for acceleration, and determines the child's candidacy for full grade acceleration.  Iowa Acceleration Scale Manual; A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration  Also read Hoagies' review...
IDEA Individual with Disabilities Education Act.  Federal special education law, which also applies to Twice Exceptional students
IDK I Don't Know
IEP Individual Education Plan.  Special Education students in the United States are entitled to this personal learning plan for each school year.  In some states, gifted students are considered as special education, and also receive IEPs.  Check Mandates for your state / province, and visit IEPs for more information
ILL Inter-Library Loan.  Parents of gifted children will find their budget appreciates this method of borrowing books not normally available at their local library
IM Instant Message - instant online communication, by one of the common protocols, including AIM (AOL Instant Message), Yahoo, MSN Messenger, or the older protocols IRC (Internet Relay Chat) or ICQ (play on words from "I Seek You").  Many of these products can cause internet security issues on your PC; consider using a safer product such as Trillian for all IM communication.  Visit PC Security for more information...
IME In My Experience
IMO / IMHO In My (Humble) Opinion (or IMNSHO... an opinion that's Not So Humble!)
IQ or Intelligence Quotient Previously defined as the ratio of mental age to chronological age (IQ=MA/CA*100), IQ is now "calculated" from statistical deviation table. On the positive side, deviation IQ can be measured on more than just children; on the negative, deviation tables often end abruptly, causing low ceilings on many IQ tests
Intelligence Test Test designed to measure capability to learn, or intelligence.  May be group or individual tests; group tests tend to be far less accurate, particularly for scores far from the norm (i.e. gifted or low-end).  See Testing and Assessment
IRL In Real Life... as in meeting in person.  Cool!
IWALU I Will Always Love yoU
KIT Keep In Touch
LD Learning Disability / Learning Disabled.  A blanket identifier for individuals who have some sort of learning difference.  See Twice Exceptional
LinkedIn Social networking site for professionals that includes many professionals in gifted education
LMK Let Me Know
LOL Laughing Out Loud
LTNS Long Time, No See
Magnet School Public school program drawing from a wider geographical area, often organized around a particular teaching philosophy or subject area.  Magnets may be available for Montessori, Performing Arts, or Math/Science; some communities offer gifted magnet schools
    ENTJ, etc.)
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Introvert-Sensing-Feeling-Perceiving or Extrovert-iNtuitive-Thinking-Judging, etc.) - personality inventory, developed around the ideas and theories of psychologist Carl Jung, a  leading exponent of Gestalt personality theory.  See Personality Type
MDE / MDT Multi-Disciplinary Evaluation / Multi-Disciplinary Team.  Complete evaluation, prior to writing an IEP, and the team collected to complete the assessment
MI Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences theory.  Visit Educational Theories.  Gardner states MI is not gifted education theory, but educators often mistake it for gifted education theory anyway
MIL / FIL Mother-in-Law / Father-in-Law.  They're important to our gifted children, too...
Montessori school Montessori educational practice helps children develop creativity, problem solving, social, and time-management skills, to contribute to society and the environment, and to become fulfilled persons in their particular time and place on Earth.  However, Montessori is not legally protected, and can be used by anyone, for any purpose.  Visit Montessori International for more information.
MOOC Massive Open Online Course.  Visit Wikipedia for lots more information, including links to the most popular MOOCs: Khan Academy (K-12), Udacity (tech industry experts), Coursera (top universities) and more...
NAGC National Association for Gifted Children.  State affiliates have a variety of acronyms, including Florida Association of Gifted (FLAG), Minnesota Council for the Gifted and Talented (MCGT), Gifted Association of Missouri (GAM), Nebraska Association for the Gifted and others - see Gifted Organizations
NARS North Atlantic Regional Schools.  See Distance Learning Programs
NBD No Big Deal
NCLB No Child Left Behind.  Federal legislation requiring stronger accountability for results, more freedom for states and communities, proven education methods, and more choices for parents.  But NCLB is causing great concern about gifted parents and educators, as gifted programs are eliminated to pay for more remedial education, and gifted children are no longer taught in order to make even a single year's achievement gain during a school year.
Netiquette interNET etIQUETTE.  Common sense rules of good behavior when interacting online.  See Wikipedia for more details
NLD or NVLD Nonverbal Learning Disorder.  A neurological syndrome consisting of specific assets and deficits; assets include early speech and vocabulary development, remarkable rote memory skills, attention to detail, early reading skills development and excellent spelling skills.  Deficits fall into 4 categories: motor, visual-spatial-organizational, social, and sensory.  See Twice Exceptional
NNAT Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test.  See Inventory of Tests
NRC/GT National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented.  Visit NRC/GT
NT Neuro-Typical... another way to say... "normal"  A wise woman once told me, ""normal" is a setting on a clothes dryer."  She's right.
OCD Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.  See Twice Exceptional
ODD Oppositional-Defiant Disorder.  See Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
OE's Over Excitabilities.  Extreme sensitivities in one or more arenas.  See Dabrowski and Sensitivities
OP Original Poster... the person who first said {whatever is being discussed...}
OT Off Topic.  A netiquette indication that the post to follow isn't related to the subject of the group / list where it is posted
Occupational Therapy / Therapist
OTOH On The Other Hand
Out-of-level testing giving a child a test designed and normed for older children.  Commonly used by Talent Search programs...
PAGE Parents Association of Gifted Education (anywhere), or Pennsylvania Association of Gifted Education, the Pennsylvania state NAGC affiliate
PDD-NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified.  Some students who might be identified as Aspergers or High Functioning Autism (HFA) receive this diagnosis instead.  Visit Asperger's Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism for more...
Percent score total number of correct answers given, divided by the total number of correct answers possible, then multiplied by 100. Percent is rarely seen as a test result.  See What Do the Tests Tell Us?
Percentile rank (PR) Percentiles are not the same as percent correct! Percentile is an age-based or grade-based rank indicating the percent of the norm group of students tested who scored less than the student. 85th percentile means only that 85 percent of students tested scored lower than the subject, not that the subject got 85% of the questions correct. Percentile scores are easily correlated to standard or IQ scores: 97th percentile is the same as standard or IQ score of 130 or above. For large populations, percentiles are an easy way to compare one child to age / grade peers.

Note: a side effect of percentile scoring is that as more and more of the population being tested answer all the questions correctly on the test or any sub-test, the lower their percentile scores will become. This is particularly obvious in a small population sample such as the local percentiles, which may compare your child only to others in the same school and grade.  See What Do the Tests Tell Us?

PHP / THP Teaching for High Potential / Parenting for High Potential, alternative journals to the research-based Gifted Child Quarterly provided to the National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) members as a benefit of membership.  See Journals and Magazines on Gifted
PIQ / VIQ The Performance and Verbal subscale scores of the WISC-IV individual IQ test.  Visit An Inventory of Tests
PLEP Present Levels of Educational Performance, a Pennsylvania GIEP component.  You cannot write a GIEP without them!  Visit Present Levels of Educational Performance
PLN Personal Learning Network. An informal learning network that consists of the people a learner interacts with and derives knowledge from. Visit Wikipedia for more...
PLUS PLUS Academic Abilities Assessment, often given to 5th-6th grade students as part of Talent Search testing
PSEO Post Secondary Enrollment Options, a.k.a. dual enrollment in high school and college, usually at no cost to the student.  See Gifted Education Mandates
PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.  Severe after-reaction to stress; some very gifted children and adults had this serious reaction to terrorist activities in the US and other very stressful events
Pull out Students are "pulled" from the classroom for one or more hours per week for extension or enrichment.  See Gifted Programs
Radical Acceleration Three or more grade accelerations over the K-12 school career, or a comparable number of accelerations in a younger child. See Academic Acceleration
Raw score Actual number of questions answered correctly. Often presented along with the total questions asked. If results of an achievement test do not include the raw scores, ask for them - percentiles can be misleading...  See What Do the Tests Tell Us?
RBTL Read Between The Lines
Red-Shirting The practice, common in some areas, of holding back a child to start Kindergarten a year later than his age and local admission policies suggest, to give the child some undefined advantage at a later time due to his added maturity, possibly in sports or academics.  See Early (or Late) Kindergarten
ROTFLOL Rolling On The Floor Laughing Out Loud (sometimes seen as ROTFL, without the extra laughter)
RT ReTweet, to repost someone else's post to your followers on Twitter
SAD Seasonal Affective Disorder, also known as Wintertime Depression
SAT-I or SAT Three-hour test, measures verbal and mathematical reasoning skills students have developed over time and skills they need to be successful academically.  Talent Search programs commonly use the SAT-I as an out-of-level achievement test for gifted 7th and 8th graders.  See College Board.com
Three forms of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test.  The newest form is the SB-5, which results in a score similar to that of the Wechsler series of tests. Previous form is the SB-IV, still given by some professionals.  Oldest is the SB L-M, the only modern IQ test without the hard ceilings forced by a deviation score table.  See Testing
SCAT School & College Ability Test, often given to elementary-age students as part of Talent Search testing
SD School District
SEM Standard Error of Measurement.  The statistical value related to a specific test that should added and subtracted to/from the received test score to determine the range of possible score based on the received score and the test. For example, if you want to identify all gifted students (standard score=130), and the test's SEM is 3, then...
     For 65% confidence interval, use test score +/- SEM: 127-133
     For 90% confidence interval, use test score +/- 2*SEM: 124-136
To select all the gifted kids using a test with SEM=3 with 90% confidence, you would need to include all students who score 124 or higher
SENG Supporting Emotional Needs of the Gifted.  A national organization with annual conference, research grants, and more, in support of the social and emotional needs of gifted children and adults. Visit SENG
SI or SID Sensory Integration (Disorder).  A diagnosis, sometimes questioned by medical professionals, for folks who are more than a little sensory defensive; either they get too much, or too little, sensory input, and therefore see / feel / hear / smell / sense the world differently.  Visit Sensory Integration (SI)
SL Second Life is a 3-dimensional virtual world (social network), used in gifted education to run free world-wide virtual conferences
Spam Unsolicited commercial e-mail, usually sent to multiple unsuspecting recipients at once
Standard deviation (SD) A statistical measure of spread or variability.
Assuming normal distribution (an assumption in intelligence testing), 68% of scores fall within 1 SD of the mean (usually 100), and 95% of scores fall within 2 SD of the mean.  If the SD = 15 (as for most intelligence / ability tests), 95% of the population falls between 70 and 130.  Gifted is considered the 2.5% that fall above the second standard deviation (SD)  Visit RobertNiles.com for an excellent explanation.  Also see What Do the Tests Tell Us?
Standard Error of Measure (SEM) Measure of an estimate's reliability.  Larger SEM values indicate less reliable tests.  The given score +/- SEM is the estimated range the actual score lies in.  Also called the confidence interval - +/- one SEM gives a 68% confidence interval, +/- 1.65 SEMs gives a 90% confidence interval.  Visit RoberNiles.com for detailed explanation.  And see confidence interval for the common use of SEM.  Also see What Do the Tests Tell Us?
Standard score (SS) A score calculated to have a mean or standard score of 100, standard deviation of (commonly, but not always) 15, such that 95% of the population falls within two standard deviations of the norm, i.e. from 70 - 130 according to the bell curve.  IQ scores are standard scores.  See What Do the Tests Tell Us?
Stanine Another representation of the percentile score. Stanine divides the percentiles into 9 divisions, with the 4, 5 and 6th stanine considered average, 7th and 8th stanine considered above average, and 9th stanine considered very much above average. The percentage of test scores in each stanine is as follows:
Stanine Percent of
1 4 0th - 3rd
2 7 4th - 10th
3 12 11th - 22nd
4 17 23rd - 39th
5 20 40th - 59th
6 17 60th - 76th
7 12 77th - 88th
8 7 89th - 95th
9 4 96th +
Subject Acceleration Student takes individual subject instruction at a higher grade level, either with the higher grade class, or by independent study or distance education.  This is often used for unevenly gifted students in their area of strength, or as a pre-cursor to full grade acceleration.  See Academic Acceleration
TAG Talented And Gifted, another name for Gifted, often as the name of a gifted program
Taglet An affectionate name for young person (-let) considered to be Talented and Gifted (TAG)
Mailing lists for families of gifted students. TAGFAM is general information; TAGMAX is for homeschooling families of gifted students; TAGPDQ is for families of "more than just plain gifted" students.  See TAGFAM
Talent Search Academic programs across the country / world, that use out-of-level achievement tests to identify gifted students.  See Talent Search
Telescoping Instruction that entails less time than is normal (e. g., completing a one year course in one semester, or three years of middle school in two). Telescoping differs from curriculum compacting in that time saved from telescoping always results in advanced grade placement.  See Curriculum Modifications. Definition from A Nation Deceived, volume 2, page 14.
THP / PHP Teaching for High Potential / Parenting for High Potential, alternative journals to the research-based Gifted Child Quarterly provided to the National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) members as a benefit of membership.  See Journals and Magazines on Gifted
TIA Thanks In Advance
TIP Duke's Talent Identification Program, a summer talent search program. See Talent Search
TLC Tender Loving Care
Tracking Old method of testing children at very young ages, then assigning them to a track or level of classroom, that was maintained inflexibly throughout their education.  No longer used in the U.S. - but see the new research-based and flexible alternative, Grouping
TS Tourette's Syndrome, a tic disorder
Individuals who are gifted and learning disabled, also called Gifted / LD or dually identified. See Twice Exceptional
Twitter Social networking site that includes many gifted organizations and resources.  Twitter messages are short, no more than 140 characters in length.  See Gifted Online Communities for popular Twitter gifted groups and individuals to follow...
Twitter Chat Interactive conversation at a specific time on Twitter.  For example, #gtchat...
VIQ / PIQ The Verbal and Performance subscale scores of the WISC individual IQ tests.  Visit Tests
Visual / Spatial.  A person who thinks in pictures, rather than words or some other means of memory.  Easily noted by listening... if we're trying to think of something, and say "I can't see it..." that's a visual / spatial person.  For more, visit Visual-Spatial
Wechsler series of IQ tests.  WPPSI is for preschool students through age 7 (but shouldn't be used above age 6 for gifted students due to ceilings); WISC is for school age students through age 17 (again, shouldn't be used above 16 for gifted students); WAIS is the adult version for ages 16 and up.  See An Inventory of Tests
Wiki Automated informational website, where visitors add their own entries, thus increasing the body of knowledge.  For an example, visit Wikipedia.com  Contrary to some popular belief, Wikipedia is as accurate as an encyclopedia... read Wikipedia survives research test and Britannica's rebuttal, Britannica lashes out at Wikipedia comparison study.  More recent research continues to support Wikipedia's accuracy Experts rate Wikipedia's accuracy higher than non-experts
WJ or WJ-III Woodcock-Johnson cognitive and/or achievement test.  See An Inventory of Tests
You Know Your Child Is Gifted When... or You Know You're the Parent of a Gifted Child When...  Enjoy You Know You're the Parent of a Gifted Child When...
YMMV Your Mileage May Vary (and we all know that May should be Will)
yo year-old, as in 9yo
YS Davidson Young Scholars program.  A free program supporting exceptionally and profoundly gifted children ages 5-18 (must apply by 16), including social-emotional, advocacy, homeschooling, and many other kinds of support, as needed by the child and family

Or sometimes Jack Kent Cook Young Scholars program.

Also visit NAGC's Glossary of Terms.

For e-mail and chat shorthand, visit Netlingo's Acronyms & Shorthand.

And for a "translation" of sorts, when talking to our friends down-under, visit The Queen's English or the President's Prose?


Last updated December 01, 2020

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