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Personality Type

"You probably noticed that there are 1,001 ways to be introverted.  We can talk about introversion all we want, but the fact is, researchers haven't definitively pinned the word down. It's a broad concept and still a bit slippery, as yet more easily defined by pop psychology than research psychologists..." by Sophia Dembling, The Introvert's Corner: How to live a quiet life in a noisy world
Caring for Your Introvert: The habits and needs of a little-understood group Recommended by Jonathan Rauch, The Atlantic
Science has learned a good deal in recent years about the habits and requirements of introverts. It has even learned, by means of brain scans, that introverts process information differently from other people (I am not making this up). If you are behind the curve on this important matter, be reassured that you are not alone...
The Introvert's Corner: How to live a quiet life in a noisy world Recommended a blog by Sophia Dembling, Psychology Today
A great blog for introverts, and those struggling to understand them.  Read Don't Call Us, We’ll Call … Well, No, Actually We Probably Won’t..., Introversion and the Energy Equation, and I Like People. Just Not All of Them All the Time and other revealing entries...
Analysis of MBTI type patterns in college scholars by Wendy A. Folger, Hugo E. Kanitz, Ann E. Knudsen, and Sherene McHenry
the MBTI was administered to recipients of competitive scholarships (full tuition, room, board, and stipend) awarded to the brightest incoming freshmen at Central Michigan University (based on GPA, essay and interviews) to assess where Thinking is expressed in the personalities of gifted and talented college students.  The results suggest that logic may be in the unconscious of gifted and talented individuals, which tends to defy conventional wisdom...
An Assortment of Facts about Type in Education by CAPT
Percentages cited are from Estimated Frequencies of the Types in the United States...
The Conundrum Glass by Deidre V. Lovecky
The glass is, at various times, half empty or half full. It is also both half empty and half full at the same time, and it is neither half empty nor half full. It is its own quantity, not measured by comparison to something else. Of course, by questioning the premise like this, I am being rather critical, and critical people are not happy with the status quo, so they are pessimists. Or are they?
Cross-Cultural Evidence for the Fundamental Features of Extraversion by Richard E. Lucas, Ed Diener, Alexander Grob, Eunkook M. Suh and Liang Shao
Although sociability is undoubtedly an important part of extraversion, these results suggest that extraverts' sociability may be a by-product of reward sensitivity, rather than the core feature of the trait...
Feeling Boys and Thinking Girls: Talented Adolescents and Their Teachers by Jane Piirto
The MBTI was administered to 226 tenth and eleventh graders who qualified as gifted and talented. Sixty teachers of the talented and 25 elementary and high school teachers were also administered the MBTI. Talented teens preferred ENFP. Gender differences were calculated as well among artistic youth and academically talented youth. Male artistic youth preferred F and academic females preferred T. Teachers of the talented preferred ENFJ. Other teachers preferred ESFJ. Implications for teaching these students are discussed
Gifted and Shy by Lynne Henderson, director of the Shyness Clinic
Children whose social identity is devalued or threatened become self-conscious and inhibited. Many gifted children also hide their talents to avoid the threat of exclusion by other children. This practice exacerbates their self-consciousness, their feeling of being outsiders, and their inhibitions. Research indicates that the majority of teachers in primary and secondary schools in the United States and Canada are extroverted, so they may need help understanding your sensitive or introverted child...
The Gifted Introvert by Lesley Sword
Society, parents and teachers do try to turn introverts into extraverts. However, they need to understand that there are no right or wrong ways of functioning but simply differences. Introversion is perfectly normal and does not need “curing”.  It is no use waiting for your child to grow out of it or expecting your partner or yourself to change into an extravert. This may be more socially acceptable but it is an impossible task. (MS Word file)
The hidden gifts of the introverted child: Helping your child thrive in an extroverted world  by Marti Olsen Laney
Introverted children are often misunderstood, even by their parents, who worry about them. Engaged by their interior world, they’re often regarded as aloof. Easily overwhelmed by too much stimulation, they can be seen as unmotivated. Content with just one or two close friends, they may be perceived as unpopular. Parents fret that they are unhappy and maladjusted. But the truth is quite different...
Information on Personality Types
Personality typing is a tool with many uses. It's especially notable for its helpfulness in the areas of growth and self-development. Learning and applying the theories of personality type can be a powerful and rewarding experience, if it is used as a tool for discovery, rather than as a method for putting people into boxes, or as an excuse for behavior.  Includes The Four Preferences, Descriptions of the Sixteen Personality Types, more...
Introversion by Rachael Hawkins
The American dream is to be extraverted. We want our children to be "people who need people." We want them to have lots of friends, to like parties, to prefer to play outside with their buddies rather than retire with a good book, to make friends easily, to greet new experiences enthusiastically, to be good risk-takers, to be open about their feelings, to be trusting. We regard anyone who doesn’t fit this pattern with some concern...
Introversion: The Often Forgotten Factor Impacting the Gifted by Jill D. Burruss and Lisa Kaenzig
Introversion is simply a personality trait found in a small percentage of the total population. Introverts are different from extraverts and this difference is very difficult for the extravert to understand because they do not operate in that fashion. And because they do not understand it, many continually try to help the introvert become more social, more gregarious, more outgoing, and have more fun from the extravert perspective. Such is the situation of the introvert, a minority in the regular population but a majority in the gifted population.
Introverts in an extrovert's world, How to nurture a (gasp!) quiet, thoughtful child by Janie Magruder, The Arizona Republic
There's a physiological reason for [introvert behavior]. Using brain scans to study personality differences, researchers found introverts have more brain activity, in general, and specifically in their frontal lobes. When these areas are activated, introverts are energized by retrieving long-term memories, problem solving, introspection, complex thinking and planning, Their brain pathway also switches on the "rest and digest" side of the nervous system....
The IntrovertZCoach Articles for introverts
From biographies of famous introverts, to How to Chat Someone Up 101, Birthday Parties for Introverted Children, and much more...
Jung's psychological types by  Kelley L. Ross
Swiss Psychiatrist Carl Jung developed a system of Psychological Types that he used in his Analytical Psychology. It has become the basis for the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)...
Keirsey Temperament Sorter
What is your temperament? What famous people had a similar temperament? Find out here...
Paragon Learning Style Inventory
A self-administered survey that provides a very reliable indication of learning style and cognitive preference. It uses the four Jungian dimensions , but can be self-scored (for ages 9-adult).  Also includes comprehensive description of the 16 Learning Style Types...
Personality and Cognitive Learning Styles of Academically Talented Youth CTY Topical Research Series #2
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University Center for Talented Youth (CTY) have studied the personality and cognitive learning styles of academically talented students since 1983 and have accumulated the largest database of information in the world on this topic...
The Personality Page
Common Careers for Personality Types and Personality and Relationships...
A Synthesis of Research on Psychological Types of Gifted Adolescents by Ugur Sak
Results of studies about personality types of gifted adolescents. Gifted adolescents were higher on the Introversion, Intuition, Thinking, and Perceiving dimensions of the personality scales of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) when compared to general high school students. Also, gifted adolescents differed within the group by gender and by ability. Based on the findings, Sak discusses teaching practices for gifted students according to their personality preferences...
Type Logic
More Psychological Type Profiles for each combination of MBTI type...

Last updated December 01, 2020

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