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Tests, Tests, Tests

"While most professionals are trained to assess many kinds of children, few are specifically trained to assess [gifted children]. The general perception is that these youngsters, with abilities and strengths in many areas, have no special needs, educational or otherwise, that merit serious clinical attention. For this reason, it is important that parents who suspect that their child may be gifted search for a professional with experience in working with this population." Julia Osborn, Assessing Gifted Children

See also ... Testing and Assessment, Identification and Proficiency Testing

Testing and Assessment of Gifted Children: What do all these scores mean? explains how IQ, achievement, individual, group, and survey assessment results compare... or not. (PowerPoint) Presented at NAGC, NJAGC, and many other state and national conferences.

This page lists tests (in alphabetical order, after a brief section containing the three most popular tests) commonly administered in the process of evaluating a gifted child, with various links to additional information on each test.  The top of the page lists the most popular IQ and achievement tests, and the rest of the page includes the rest - any test that a visitor tells me their school district is using in the process of gifted (and twice exceptional) identification.  Each child might take only a few of these tests, to help the evaluator gain a comprehensive picture of his/her abilities. 

Quicklinks to the most common tests: Stanford Binet (SB-5) · Wechsler (WISC) · Woodcock Johnson (WJ-III)
Test names starting with... 4  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  XYZ

When assessing the value of any test for a specific purpose, you should always read the test reviews in the Buros Mental Measurements Yearbook.  These reviews are available on-line for a per-test charge, or in the reference section of any good public or college library, free.  Information includes, among other things, the correlation of the test's results to other commonly accepted measures.  Tests with low correlations are not considered reliable.

For more information on the difference between testing and assessment, read Julia Osborne's Assessing Gifted ChildrenWhat Do the Tests Tell Us? explains what the scores do, and do not, mean.  For other articles, visit Testing and Assessment.  For testing and scoring term definitions, see Acronyms, Terms, and other things we need to know...  And for a great professional site on the various tests and testing, visit Dumont Willis at Fairleigh Dickenson University.

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scaless, ages 2-85
Individually administered assessment of intelligence and cognitive abilities, for use with children and adults. Administered individually, by licensed professional only. Published by Riverside Publishing Company
bulletStanford-Binet 5th edition (SB-5), ceiling = 160
bulletGifted scoring supplemental bulletin! Special Composite Scores for the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition (requires Adobe Reader)
bulletRead Use of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition in the Assessment of High Abilities (requires Adobe Reader)
bulletStanford-Binet 4th edition (SB-IV), ceiling = 164
bulletStanford-Binet form L-M (SB L-M, the "old" Binet), ceiling = 164 (and above, using Pinneau calculation)
bulletRead Don't Throw Away the Old Binet by Dr. Linda Silverman and Kathi Kearney, and Current Use of the Stanford Binet, Form L-M by by Barbara Gilman and Annette Revel
Wechsler Intelligence Scales
bulletWechsler Preschool Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-III) ages 2-6
bulletWechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III or WISC-IV, also read Changes from the WISC-III to the WISC-IV) ages 6-16
bulletWechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) ages 16-74
bullet Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) ages 6-89 (read Validity of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence and Other Very Short Forms of Estimating Intellectual Functioning)
Standardized test of intelligence designed by David Wechsler, for use with children and adults.  Administered individually, by PhD-level degree in Psychology or Education only. Published by Harcourt Assessment
- Also read Pearson Assessment WISC-IV Technical Report #4 General Ability Index Recommended (requires Adobe Reader), Using the DWI or GAI, and Assessment and Testing: What about the SB5, WISC-IV, and Other Tests? from Our Gifted Online Conferences
- Use of the WISC-IV for Gifted Identification Recommended Position Statement from the National Association for Gifted Children
- Pearson Assessment WISC-IV Technical Report #7 WISC–IV Extended Norms Recommended Extended norms are useful when a child’s score is the maximum (ceiling) on two or more subtests (e.g., obtains scaled scores of 18 or 19 points)) (requires Adobe Reader)
- For a report on results of using the WISC-IV with the gifted, read Who Are the Gifted Using the New WISC-IV? by Linda Kreger Silverman, Barbara Gilman, and R. Frank Falk
- For professional information, Assessment of Children WISC-IV and WPPSI-III Supplement by Jerome M. Sattler and Ron Dumont
- WISC-IV has 10 core subtests and 5 supplemental subtests.  Be sure to get optional subtests Information, Arithmetic, and Picture Completion for gifted kids.  Their scores will be high on these subtests and can influence interpretation of other subtests, though still not factored into the Full Scale score
Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ-III), ages 2-90+
bullet Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities
bullet Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement
Assessment of cognitive abilities and/or achievement, for use with children and adults. The WJ-III Achievement Test is probably the most often recommended individual achievement test for gifted children, thanks to its high ceilings (past high school levels).  Published by Riverside Publishing Company
- Visit the Dumont-Willis Unofficial WJ-III page for ceiling and other information. 
- Also read Woodcock-Johnson® III Normative Update Assessment Service Bulletin Number 7: Specification of the Cognitive Processes Involved in Performance on the Woodcock-Johnson III (requires Adobe Reader)for a breakdown of cognitive strengths and weaknesses identified by the WJ-III
- Be aware: Auditory processing counts for 10-15% of WJ-III cognitive GIA score, although there is no evidence that gifted students demonstrate higher auditory processing; nor proof that this phonemic awareness increases with age.

4Sight Benchmark Assessments grades 3-8
Tool to predict students’ reading achievement five times a year. Series of tests that are aligned to various states' academic standards, but they measure actual progress from test to test and do not claim to predict end-of-year student gains.  Not an IQ or achievement test; not designed to measure giftedness. Group administration. Published by Success for All Foundation.
ACT national college admission and placement examination
Group achievement test, with sections in English, math, reading, science, and writing (optional).  Used primarily (over the SAT) in 23 U.S. states.  Scores ranges to 36, average score (2006) is 21.1. Also given to middle school students as a Talent Search test. Facts about the ACT and ACT vs. SAT...
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule -Generic (ADOS-G) ages pre-verbal children to adult
Semi-structured assessment of communication, social interaction and play or imaginative use of materials for individuals suspected of having autism or other pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). Administered individually. Published by Western Psychological Services at ADOS-G.
BASI™ (Basic Achievement Skills Inventory) ages 8-80
Multi-grade level paper and pencil or computer-based individual test, comprehensive test: 2 hours; Survey test: 25 minutes each for math and verbal subtests.  Use Comprehensive version to aid in diagnosing LDs, for understanding specific areas of strength or weakness at a detailed level, and for measuring progress, to place college students, to evaluate offenders at intake.  Use the Survey version to screen for gifted or LD, snapshot of academic levels, or to determine level of Comprehensive test to administer.  Published by Pearson Assessments 
Belin-Blank Ideal Solutions for Math Acceleration Recommended by Susan Assouline and Nicholas Colangelo
Web-based evaluation of existing test scores (full scores from at least one of ITBS, ACT, EXPLORE, or IAAT (Iowa Algebra Aptitude Test) required) plus interview questions, provides student-centered feedback to inform decisions about academic acceleration in math... Nurturing Potential | Inspiring Excellence
Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test, 2nd Edition (Bender-Gestalt II) ages 4–85+
Brief assessment of visual-motor integration. Administered individually. Published by Riverside Publishing Company
Bracken Basic Concept Scale, Third Edition: Receptive (BBCS-3:R) and Bracken Basic Concept Scale: Expressive (BBCS:E) ages 3 - 6 years, 11 months
Nonverbal (Receptive) and verbal (Expressive) assessments of language skills, cognitive development, and school readiness. Administered individually. Published by Pearson Assessments.
Brigance Comprehensive Inventory of Basic Skills–Revised (CIBS–R) grades pre-K–6
Readiness and scholastic planning, designed to "help identify children with learning disabilities, giftedness, or other exceptionalities."  Published by Curriculum Associates.
Brigance Screens various including  Infant & Toddler Screen, Early Preschool Screen–II, Preschool Screen–II, and K & 1 Screen–II
A variety of screening tools, including quick preschool and K-1 screens, designed to "Identify learning delays or giftedness quickly and efficiently."  Published by Curriculum Associates.
Burns-Roe Informal Reading Inventory (BR-IRI) pre-primer to grade 12
K–12 reading assessment with numerous strategies for assessing students' vocabulary, phonics, and comprehension of text  Published by Riverside Publishing Company (requires Adobe Reader)
California Achievement Tests, Tenth Edition (CAT 10) grades K–12 (see also Terra Nova (CAT/6))
Group grade-level achievement test, used by some states as their high-stakes test. Published by CTB/McGraw-Hill
Comprehensive Testing Program, 4th Edition (CTB-4) grades 1–10
Standardized group achievement test designed specifically for high-achieving schools.  The Comprehensive Testing Program (CTP 4) is not a single test, but a battery of assessments designed to provide instructionally useful information about student performance in key areas of school achievement, e.g., reading, vocabulary, writing and mathematics. In addition, CTP 4 includes - for students in grades 3 through 11 - two tests to measure verbal and quantitative reasoning.  Published by Educational Records Bureau
Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) grades K-12, ceiling = 150
Measures reasoning abilities that are critical for success in school. Administered in a group setting. Riverside tells us that the CogAT is NOT an IQ test:
"Q: Is CogAT an IQ test? Are SAS scores IQ scores? A: No. CogAT measures reasoning abilities. The SAS scale used on CogAT provides normalized Standard Age Scores for that fraction of the population that attends school. Although SAS scores are very helpful for professionals, nonprofessionals can confuse them with IQ scores, so they are generally not reported to parents and lay organizations." Cognitive Abilities Test® (CogAT®) Form 6
For more on your child's results, use Riverside's Interactive Profile Interpretation System.  Published by Riverside Publishing Company.  Also read Cognitively Speaking, Riverside Publishing's newsletter for CogAT users, and A Short Guide for Teachers (requires Adobe Reader)
Creativity Assessment Packet (CAP) (CTB-4) grades 1–10
35 year-old combination of 2 group tests and a parent or teacher survey. The Test of Divergent Thinking and the Test of Divergent Feeling are group tests. The Williams Scale is a rating scale using the same creativity factors.  Sold by pro-ed
Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System (CAS) ages 5-17
Evaluates cognitive processing; measures planning and attention, based on the PASS theory of cognitive processing, important for evaluation of attention deficits and brain injuries. Not designed to test "g;" will likely yield much lower scores in intellectually gifted students.  Administered individually, by PhD-level degree in Psychology or Education or related Masters degrees only. Published by Riverside Publishing Company
Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) K-8
Reading level assessment, determines independent reading level and instructional path. For more on scoring read Seattle Public Schools DRA K-3 Guide.  Published by Pearson
Differential Ability Scales (DAS) ages 2-6 through 17-11
Cognitive abilities test. Administered individually, by PhD-level degree in Psychology or Education, or related Masters degrees only. Published by Harcourt Assessment
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) grades K - 3
A set of standardized, individually administered measures of early literacy development. They are designed to be short (one minute) fluency measures used to regularly monitor the development of pre-reading and early reading skills.  Administered by teacher.  Published by DIBELS Sponsors
Edusoft Assessment Management System K-12 diagnostic benchmark testing
Classroom management testing, scanned from paper to provide instant online scoring, allowing teachers to offer diagnostic instruction based on current levels and needs of each student.  No indication so far of how it works with above-level students    ... Published by Riverside Publishing Company
Explore 8th-9th grade, given as out-of-level achievement test to upper elementary students
Group achievement test, designed to help 8th- and 9th-graders explore a broad range of options for their future.  Often given as an Elementary School Talent Search test (see Talent Search).  If you've got your child's scores handy, visit Belin & Blank Center's Explore Interpretation site
Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests (GMRT) grades K-12
Group Administered reading survey test; paper-pencil and online, available in multiple levels - teacher must select the correct level for the reader, or give only group level. Published by Riverside Publishing Company
Gifted and Talented Evaluation Scales (GATES) grades K-12
Survey that assesses the characteristics, skills, and talents of gifted students. Published by Prufrock Press
Gifted Evaluation Scales-Third Edition (GES) ages 5-18
Survey that assesses the characteristics of gifted students. Completed by anyone familiar with the student: classroom teacher, clinical personnel, or other school personnel. Published by Hawthorne Educational Services
Gesell Developmental Assessment ages 2½-9
Developmental survey (not even an observation!). Designed to identify only those children who are developmentally delayed; does not identify giftedness; Gesell believed that children could only be delayed, not advanced.  Gesell Developmental Assessment is based on 1943 research, and was last updated before the author's death in 1961.  For more information on the non-correlation of this measure, visit Buros Mental Measurements Yearbook.  Published by The Gesell Institute of Human Development
Gifted Rating Scales (GRS) ages 4-11
Teacher completed survey in 6 "domains of giftedness" including intellectual, academic, motivation, creativity, leadership and artistic talent.  Published by Harcourt Assessment
HOPE Scale grades K-5
Teacher survey on 2 subscales: academic and social. "The HOPE Scale is intended to be one of multiple "alternate pathways" to identify giftedness, none of which would necessarily guarantee entrance into, or exclusion from, a gifted program. Other indicators may be tests of a student's mental ability (e.g., an IQ test or a test in a more specific domain), evidence of unique talent (e.g., musical ability), and other indications for giftedness in one or more domains." "The HOPE Scale when used with the normative sample appeared to have a bias against low-income students."  Published by Purdue University
Independent School Entrance Exam (ISEE) grades 2-12
Provides independent schools with an accurate, valid and reliable assessment to evaluate the reasoning and achievement of all applicants. Group test given individually at electronic testing centers nationally.  Published by ERB
InView grades 2-12 (only 6 levels available, each covering 2 grades)
Group cognitive abilities test, "comprised of five subtests: Verbal Reasoning-Words; Verbal Reasoning-Context; Sequences; Analogies; and Quantitative Reasoning.  InView does not measure all aspects of cognitive abilities. Since it is intended for use in schools, emphasis is placed on reasoning abilities that are important for success in an educational program."  Elementary level InView is said to have hard ceiling of 141, where gifted is 127+.  Published by CTB/McGraw-Hill
Iowa Acceleration Scale Manual; A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration Recommended by Susan G. Assouline, Nicholas Colangelo, Ann Lupkowski-Shoplik, Jonathan Lipscomb, Leslie Forstadt
The Iowa Acceleration Scale is not a test, it is a way to interpret the tests and other information that is known about a candidate for full grade acceleration.  The Iowa Scale uses the child's IQ and out-of-level achievement test scores, along with dozens of other factors from size & age to school & parent support for acceleration, to determine if the child is a good candidate for full grade acceleration.  Sometimes referred to as IAS.  Published by Great Potential Press.  Read our review: Iowa Acceleration Scale
Iowa Algebra Aptitude Test (IAAT) Algebra readiness
Helps teachers and counselors make more informed decisions regarding the initial placement of students in the secondary mathematics curriculum. Published by Iowa Testing Programs (ITP) in Iowa, and Riverside Publishing Company in other states
Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) grades K-8
Group grade-level achievement test, also commonly available to homeschoolers through Bob Jones University. Published by Iowa Testing Programs (ITP) in Iowa, and Riverside Publishing Company in other states
Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC-II) ages 2½-12½
Assesses cognitive development; gives special attention to certain emerging testing needs, such as use with handicapped groups, application to problems of learning disabilities, and appropriateness for cultural and linguistic minorities.  Not designed to test "g;" will likely yield much lower scores in intellectually gifted students.  Publisher states it "should be supplemented" with Wechsler, Stanford-Binet or other intelligence scales. Published by American Guidance Service, Inc.
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT-2) ages 4-90
Quick measure of verbal and nonverbal intelligence. Administered individually, by professional with graduate level training in testing or guidance.  Published by American Guidance Service, Inc.
Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement (K-TEA) grades 1-12
Measures school achievement. Administered individually, by professional with graduate level training in testing or guidance. Published by American Guidance Service, Inc.
Keymath-Revised / Normative Update (KeyMath-R/NU) grades K-12
Individually administered, designed to provide comprehensive assessment of a student’s understanding and application of important mathematics concepts and skills. Published by American Guidance Service, Inc.
Kingore Observation Scale (KOI) grades K-8
Helps teachers immediately initiate appropriate differentiation in the classroom for students whose learning responses exceed the expectations of the core curriculum. An easy-to-use assessment and differentiation process, the KOI enables educators to enrich the learning environment for all children while identifying gifted and talented students through seven categories of observable behavior... Published by Bertie Kingore
Kuhlmann-Anderson Tests (KA) grades K-12
Group ability test.  Eight subtests, at each of the seven KA Test levels. Four of the subtests use items that are primarily nonverbal in nature. These items measure an individual's understanding of numbers and figures. Vocabulary and reading items, which are measures of verbal skills, comprise the remaining subtests at each level.  KA Standard Scoring Service provides: Cognitive Skills Quotients (CSQs), standard scores (measures of basic growth) national and local percentiles as well as stanines for grade-related and age-related scores. Published by Scholastic Testing Services
Matrix Analogies Test (MAT) grades K-8
This test is the predecessor to the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT), by the same author.  Culture-fair and language-free means of determining students' nonverbal reasoning and problem-solving ability, regardless of language or educational or cultural background. May be administered in a group setting in about 30 minutes. Previously published by The Psychological Corporation.  Review available from Buros Institute
McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities grades 2.6 through 8.6
Designed to measure cognitive and motor development in children.  Does not appear to have been updated since it's publication in 1972.  A 1983 study by Bruce Bracken found low correlation to Stanford Binet scores for gifted children: Comparison of the Performance of Gifted Children on the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities and the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale.  Originally published by The Psychological Corporation, now Harcourt Assessment.  Normed on only 1,032 children; gifted students not intentionally included
Measures of Academic Progress (MAP)
Computer-based dynamically adaptive academic tests. Three forms:
bulletMAP: Reading, mathematics and language (reading tests report Lexile score among others)
bulletMAP for Primary Grades: Reading and mathematics (reading tests report Lexile score among others)
bulletScience Assessment: General science
Score explanation from a South Carolina public school, A Parent's Guide to MAP. MAP is not a gifted assessment. Published by Northwest Evaluation Association (NWEA)
Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT) grades K-12
Culture-fair and language-free means of determining students' nonverbal reasoning and problem-solving ability, regardless of language or educational or cultural background.  Group test, divided into seven grade-based levels.  May be administered in a group setting in about 30 minutes. Published by Harcourt Assessment
NeuroLexSM Indicator Report
"Numerous studies that show a distinctive pattern of brainwave activity associated with AD/HD.  Of individuals who meet DSM-IV diagnostic criteria, 90% show a distinctive pattern of an increased theta/beta ratio. In contrast, it is uncommon – less than 6% - for an individual who does not meet DSM-IV criteria for AD/HD to show this pattern  Publisher continues, "[NeuroLex] should not be used in isolation to establish or rule out the diagnosis of AD/HD for any individual." Developed by Leixicor
Orleans-Hanna Algebra Prognosis Test Algebra readiness
Math test to confirm students' readiness for algebra. Published by Harcourt Assessment
Otis Lennon School Abilities Test (OLSAT-8), grades K-12, ceiling = 150
Group ability test, assesses verbal and nonverbal reasoning abilities that are related to success in school. Published by Harcourt Educational Measurement 
Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) grades K-12
Group achievement test. Computer-based, given up to three times annually, not currently normed (norms expected to be completed by July 2015).  Published by Pearson
Peabody Individual Achievement Test - Revised (PIAT-R) grades K-12
Individual achievement test. Administered individually, by professional with graduate level training in testing or guidance. According to the publisher, the PIAT-R is designed for identification of specific LDs and Title 1 reading disability candidates.  Published by American Guidance Service, Inc.
PLUS talent search, grades 5-6
Talent Search test measuring verbal and mathematical reasoning abilities, for 5th-6th grade talent search participants.  Developed by Educational Testing Service (the company that administers the SAT) and Johns Hopkins University
Primary Test of Cognitive Skills (PTCS) grades K-1
See Test of Cognitive Skills...
Ravens Progressive Matrices, ages 5-adult
bulletStandard (SPM) - for people of average ability; three versions Classic, Parallel (if classic answers may be known or memorized), and Plus (increases the test's discriminative power at the top end of the ability scale)
bulletColoured (CPM) - suitable for young children and for persons of limited intellectual ability
bulletAdvanced (APM) - Set I provides practice test, or can be used to obtain a quick and approximate indication of overall ability, Set II enquires into the nature of high-level educative ability, and spreads the scores of the more able.  If timed (40 minutes) the test is a measure of intellectual efficiency; if un-timed, it provides a measure of intellectual capacity.
Sequence of symbolic figures, becoming progressively more difficult. May be administered in group or individual setting. Published by Harcourt Assessment, Inc.
Renzulli Hartman Rating Scale (Scales for Rating the Behavioral Characteristics of Superior Students or SRBCSS) grades K-12
Rating scale for teachers, help identify student strengths in the areas of learning, motivation, creativity, leadership, art, music, dramatics, planning, and communication. Sample (requires Adobe Reader). Published by Creative Learning Press
Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS), ages 3-94
Reynolds Intellectual Screening Test (RIST), ages 3-94
4 subtests measure Verbal Intelligence Index (VIX) and Nonverbal Intelligence Index (NIX), taken together form the Composite Intelligence Index (CIX). RIAS administration is 20-25 minutes; RIST is 8-12 minutes.  Published by PAR Psychological Assessment Resources  Testers note that the discontinue criteria on the RIAS are extremely short (2 items) and may cause severe under-estimation of comparable full-scale IQ score.
SAT national college admission and placement examination (previously known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test, now just the SAT)
Group achievement test, with sections in writing, mathematics, and critical reading.  Used primarily (over the ACT) in 27 U.S. states.  Scores ranges from 200 to 800 on each section; average is about 500.  Also given to middle school students as a Talent Search test.  Facts about the SAT and ACT vs. SAT.  Published by College Board.
Scales for Identifying Gifted Students (SIGS) ages 5-18
Observational instrument (survey) for identifying gifted students, by home and school rating scales. Published by Prufrock Press
Scantron Performance Series web-based computer-adaptive diagnostic test
Can test reading (grades 2-12), math (grades 2-9 national and grades 2-12 in some states), language arts (grades 2-8), life science (grades 2-8) and Learning Styles (grades 4-12)..  Online test adapts automatically to student's ability level.   Developed by Scantron
SCAT (School & College Abilities Test) talent search achivement test, grades 2-6
Talent Search test measuring verbal and mathematical reasoning abilities, for 2nd - 6th grade talent search participants.  Developed by Educational Testing Service (the company that administers the SAT)
Schonell Reading Test
This brief test determines the grade level of reading decoding, but be aware that it does not test reading comprehension
Screening Assessment for Gifted Elementary and Middle School Students, 2nd Edition (SAGES-2) gifted, grades K-8
Three subtests measure aptitude (1) and achievement in Mathematics/Science and Language Arts/Social Studies (2), untimed but takes about 60 minutes total, group assessment.  For more information, read...
bullet Examiner's Manual - Chapter 1: Rationale and Overview of the SAGES-2
bullet Examiner's Manual - Chapter 5: Test Reliability
bullet Examiner's Manual - Chapter 6: Validity of Test Results
Published by Prufrock Press Inc.
Sequential Tests of Educational Progress (STEP) grades ?
There are five STEPs available; they can be administered separately or together:
bulletSTEP Mathematics Computation measures a wide variety of computational skills, from operations (with whole numbers, fractions and percent) to evaluation of formulas and manipulations with exponents.
bulletSTEP Mathematics Basic Concepts measures knowledge of concepts involving numbers and operations; measurement and geometry; relations, functions and graphs; proofs; probability and statistics; mathematical sentences; sets and mathematical systems; and application.
bulletSTEP Reading measures the ability to read and understand a variety of written materials including stories, poems, and selections from the sciences, social studies, and humanities.
bulletSTEP English Expression measures the ability to evaluate the correctness and effectiveness of sentences by asking the student to detect errors in grammar and usage or to choose among rephrasings of sentences.
bulletSTEP Mechanics of Writing measures mastery of fundamental composition skills by asking the student to identify misspelled words and to detect errors in capitalization and punctuation.
STEPs may be administered at grade level or "out of level" to compare gifted students to above-grade-level peers.
Slosson Intelligence Test, ages pre-school to adult
bullet Slosson Intelligence Test, Revised (SIT-R3) ages 4-65
bullet Slosson Intelligence Test, Primary (SIT-P) ages 2.7-11
bullet Slosson Full-Range Intelligence Test (S-FRIT) ages 5-adult
Quick estimate of general verbal cognitive ability. Test Review: Slosson Intelligence Test. Published by Slosson Educational Publications
Spatial Test Battery (STB), grades 5-8
Computer-based test to determine spatial gifts, given as (optional) part of JHU/CTY Talent Search testing. Published by JHU/CTY
Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition (SAT-10), grades K-12
Standards-based and norm-referenced measure of achievement, assesses reading, Lexile measures, mathematics, language, spelling, listening, science and social science. Administered in a group setting. Published by Harcourt Educational Measurement
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, ages 2-85
See Stanford-Binet above...
STAR Assessments grades 1-12, grade K with teacher discretion (Early Literacy version tests grades pre-K to 3)
Multiple choice, computer-adaptive achievement tests (CAT) dynamically adjust to student responses, used for screening and progress monitoring. Designed to quickly identify students at risk. Each STAR Assessments only presents 27 (Early Literacy) to 34 (Reading, Math) items per testing occasion. These 27 or 34 items may include 2 or 3 "test" items that are included only for calibration for future STAR Assessments, and are not scored for the student (this happens if "calibration" is enabled).
STAR Assessments are designed to indicate the need for remediation or measure progress towards a specific goal; they are not designed to indicate the need for advanced academics. Available in Reading, Math, Early Literacy, and Spanish Reading versions.
Publisher statistics show that STAR Reading retest reliability at grades 1-2 is poor (.54-.66) but improves slowly through grade 3-12 (.75 to .85). STAR Math retest reliability is consistent through grades 1-12 (.76-.84).  Published by Renaissance Learning (more on research background, requires Adobe Reader)
Structure of Intellect Learning Abilities Test (SOI-LA), grades K-12 and adults
Group test (may be administered individually), comprised of 26 subtests, each measuring a separate cognitive ability; form G is for gifted identification.  Details from Psychological Testing: An Introduction by Domino and Domino, "low reliabilities yield large standard errors of measurement" and "lack of representativeness of the standardization sample, not to mention the dearth of empirical validity data." Published in 1985 by Meeker and Meeker.
Terra Nova (TN3) grades K-12
Group grade-level achievement test, used by some states as their high-stakes test. Published by CTB/McGraw-Hill
Test of Cognitive Skills, Second Edition (TCS/2) grades 2-12
Primary Test of Cognitive Skills (PTCS) grades K-1
Brief group assessment of academic aptitude that includes verbal, nonverbal, and memory skills.  Scores range 58 - 141, mean=100. Buros Mental Measurements Yearbook does not support the publishers claims.  Published by CTB/McGraw-Hill
Test of Mathematical Ability for Gifted Students (TOMAGS) ages
Group test, measures students' ability to use mathematical reasoning and mathematical problem solving.  Available in Primary Level (grades K-3) or the Intermediate Level (grades 4-6).  Published by Prufrock Press Inc.
Test of Variables of Attention (T.O.V.A.) ages 4-80+
A 21.6 minute computerized continuous performance test used by professionals in the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. Note: as documented, IQ must be taken into consideration when scoring the T.O.V.A.!  Published by Universal Attention Disorders, Inc.
Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT), ages 5-17
The most widely used creativity tests, for identification of the creatively gifted. Published by Scholastic Testing Service
Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test (UNIT), ages 5-17
Psychologist-administered individual nonverbal intelligence test.  Good assessment of general intelligence with entirely nonverbal administration and response formats. Published by Riverside Publishing Company
Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI) ages 6-89
15- or 30-minute screening assessment, results in estimated VIQ, PIQ (30-minute form only) and FSIQ scores (both forms)
Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) ages 4-19 or grades pre-K-12 plus college, ceiling = 160
Individual achievement test. Published by Harcourt Assessment
Wechsler Intelligence Scales
See Wechsler above...
WISC-IV Integrated ages 4-19 or grades pre-K-12 plus college, ceiling = 160
Note: this is NOT the same test as the WISC-IV - see the entry just above for WISC-IV information.
Supplemental processing test, to determine if underlying processing problems are affecting WISC-IV core test results. The WISC®-IV Integrated includes an extended array of 16 subtests to complement the core test components of WISC-IV, the most widely used clinical instrument for measuring cognitive ability in children. This is not an IQ test, and it is not the WISC-IV.  Published by Harcourt Assessment
Wide Range Achievement Test - 4th edition (WRAT4) ages 5-11 or 12+
Very brief achievement test measuring reading recognition, spelling, and arithmetic computation; very basic results.  Not commonly used in gifted assessments. See Psychpage.com. Published by PAR
WISC-III and/or WPPSI-R vs. SB L-M Collected by Carolyn K.
This table of over 50 students shows that... no conclusions can easily be drawn from WISC-III or WPPSI-R subtests ceilings to indicate how MUCH higher a gifted child who hits the ceiling on a Wechsler IQ test may score in supplemental testing on the SB L-M, but when given to children who reach ceilings on the WISC / WPPSI, they nearly all DO score higher...
Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ-III), ages 2-90+
See Woodcock-Johnson III above...
Woodcock-Muñoz Cognitive Ability & Achievement Test Battery / Batería III Woodcock-Muñoz ages 2-90
Parallel Spanish version of the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability - Revised. Published by Riverside Publishing Company

Last updated December 01, 2020

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