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Vision Therapy is controversial...
The next few articles and research references present two sides of the
controversy: that of doctors of optometry, and that of doctors of
ophthalmology. Both sides claim scientific research supports their
position. The research is only clear on certain vision difficulties
responding to therapy, specifically Convergence Insufficiency; there is no
research to show vision therapy helps with ADHD, autism, or developmental
"The role of the optometrist in the multi-disciplinary approach is to
assess the child's visual abilities. Attempting to function in the academic
environment with poor visual abilities may result in fatigue, short attention
span, avoidance of near work, slower performance, and reversals or
transpositions. Deficient eye-hand coordination can result in sloppy or
tedious handwriting which will interfere with a child's ability to express
thoughts in writing."
Parents Active for Vision
See also ...
College of Optometrists in Vision Development
Professionals answer questions including "What is Vision
Therapy?" and "Vision and Learning"
of the Patient with Accommodative and Vergence Dysfunction American Optometric Association
- The situation: Accommodative and vergence dysfunction comprises a group of
neuromuscular disorders that may occur at any time after the normal
development of binocular vision (6 months of age). These anomalies may cause
a host of symptoms, including, but not limited to, blurred vision,
headaches, asthenopia, diplopia, loss of concentration, motion sickness, and
fatigue. Such symptoms may interfere with school or work performance and
thus decrease a patient's quality of life. Most accommodative and vergence
dysfunctions respond to the appropriate use of lenses, prisms, or vision
Eye And Vision Examination American Optometric Association
- Evaluation: If a binocular vision disorder or an ocular motility problem
is suspected, consultation with an optometrist or ophthalmologist who has
advanced clinical training or experience with this population may be
of the Patient with Learning Related Vision Problems American Optometric Association
- The therapy: The goal of the management of learning related vision
problems is to prepare the individual to take full advantage of the
opportunities for learning. Optometric intervention directed toward
improving visual function to its appropriate level has been shown to be
efficacious. It does not replace conventional educational programming but is
a necessary complementary intervention to maximize the learning environment
and the effectiveness of pedagogy. ...visual efficiency deficits should be
treated aggressively, using lenses, prisms, and vision therapy...
Disabilities, Dyslexia, and Vision: A Subject Review American
Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), 1998
- The con: Learning disabilities are common conditions in pediatric
patients. The etiology of these difficulties is multifactorial, reflecting
genetic influences and abnormalities of brain structure and function. Early
recognition and referral to qualified educational professionals is critical
for the best possible outcome. Visual problems are rarely responsible for
learning difficulties. No scientific evidence exists for the efficacy of eye
exercises ("vision therapy")...
York Times: Concocting a Cure for Kids With Issues New York Times, 2010
- Through a practice referred to as vision therapy — a combination of
in-office and at-home eye exercises — many of these optometrists claim they
can offer significant help for problems that go far beyond the headaches,
neck aches, eyestrain and poor posture typically associated with vision
At base, the dispute comes down to the fact that behavioral optometrists and
pediatric ophthalmologists define what constitutes a diagnosable level of
problems like convergence insufficiency differently. ... The studies came
out in favor of in-office exercises for convergence insufficiency...
Parents Active for Vision
20/20 vision is not enough! Current research indicates that approximately 1 out of 4 children have
vision problems which interfere with their ability to achieve
Professionals compiled by Carolyn K.
Need an audiologist, educational therapist, developmental optometrist for
your gifted child? These professionals have been recommended by other
parents and professionals...
December 01, 2020