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So I leave you with the thought that educational acceleration is not the
ogre educators and others have alleged. Instead, we at SMPY have found it to
be the method of choice for those youths who reason extremely well
mathematically and are eager to move ahead educationally. For other gifted
children it should be a far-more-considered set of alternatives than at
present. I invite you to examine the evidence closely and then to act
accordingly. Julian Stanley,
Look Back at Educational Non-Acceleration: An International Tragedy
“Meta-analytic reviews have consistently concluded that educational
acceleration helps students academically without shortchanging them socially
and emotionally.” James A. Kulik, The University of Michigan
There are risks and costs to action. But they are far less than the
long range risks of comfortable inaction. -- John F. Kennedy
Acceleration of Gifted Children
edited by Southern and Jones
- A comprehensive textbook on acceleration, with chapters on early
acceptance to kindergarten or to college, affective development of
acceleration of gifted students, identification of good candidates.
Also available from Amazon.co.uk
National Association for Gifted Children Position Paper
- Educational acceleration is one of the cornerstones of exemplary gifted
education practices, with more research supporting this intervention than any
other in the literature on gifted individuals...
by David Elkind
- The author of
Hurried Child: Growing Up Too Fast Too Soon speaks out in favor of
academic acceleration for intellectually gifted children!
It's not just about speeding up!
a Hoagies' Gifted Blog Hop
- According to A Nation
Deceived, there are at least 13 kinds of academic Acceleration,
from early entrance (to kindergarten, middle school, high school or
college), subject or full grade acceleration, compacting, mentors,
and lots more. The last 100+ years of research tells the same story:
acceleration of gifted students is a good thing. The worst result
research reports is that some forms of acceleration aren't bad.
The best result includes positive growth for the academic and
social/emotional well-being of the gifted child.
What does Acceleration mean to you? Good or bad? Were you
accelerated as a child? Were your children accelerated? How does it
affect the teenage years? ...adulthood? Welcome to the world of
for Gifted Learners, K-5
by Joan Franklin Smutny, Sally Y. Walker, Elizabeth A. Meckstroth
Practical guide corrects misunderstandings of acceleration and provides the
tools necessary to effectively determine the most appropriate learning
options for gifted students. Through real-life stories, authors dispel
common myths about acceleration and describe what it is, what forms it
takes, and what it can do for gifted learners—intellectually, socially, and
emotionally. Includes instructional strategies for implementation in
various school settings...
Calculus Trap by Richard Rusczyk
- The gifted, interested student should be exposed to mathematics outside
the core curriculum, because the standard curriculum is not designed for
the top students. Rather than learning more and more tools, avid
students are better off learning how to take tools they have and apply
them to complex problems. Then later, when they learn the more advanced
tools of curricular education, applying them to even more complicated
problems will come more easily...
effects of acceleration on the social and emotional development of gifted
by Lynn Pollins
- The potential effects of acceleration on the social and emotional
development of gifted students were examined from two perspectives. No
study, regardless of its orientation on these dimensions, has demonstrated
any permanent or significant negative effects of acceleration on social and
emotional development. There is no validity to the argument that
acceleration is harmful to the social and emotional development of gifted
"the saddest sound" to the D Major chord: The gift of accelerated
progression by Miraca Gross
- Although the academic acceleration of gifted and talented students is
probably the most comprehensively studied and evaluated of all educational
interventions, many teachers are reluctant to accelerate gifted students for
fear they will suffer social or emotional damage. Yet research suggests that
"the bird that's tethered to the ground" is at much greater risk of social
isolation and emotional maladjustment through inappropriate grade placement
Acceleration Scale Manual; A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration (Amazon
Barnes & Noble)
by Susan G. Assouline, Nicholas Colangelo, Ann Lupkowski-Shoplik, Jonathan Lipscomb, Leslie Forstadt
- For schools or parents, the Iowa Acceleration Scale provides a systematic
and thorough approach to considering and implementing academic acceleration
for gifted and talented students in grades K-8; read
Hoagies' detailed review. Also
Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.ca
for Research and Policy on Acceleration (IRPA)
- A new Templeton Foundation grant creates this clearinghouse for new and
continuing research on gifted acceleration...
Nation Deceived: How Schools Hold Back America’s Brightest Students
The Templeton National Report on Acceleration
- Acceleration is a powerful educational ally, but it’s a strategy that
requires participation of parents as well as sensitivity to individual needs
and circumstances. For that reason, this report is designed not only to
persuade readers of the value of acceleration, but also to help schools
administer acceleration programs effectively...
Now available in 8 languages! Click for
(requires Adobe Reader)
Also read the
National Association of Gifted Children (NAGC )
Acceleration in Schools: A Call to Action
Nation Empowered: Evidence Trumps the Excuses Holding Back America’s
- The follow-up volume to A
A Nation Empowered "informs educators, parents, and policy makers of current
research on acceleration, how that information has been applied to
educational policy throughout the nation, and how educators can use the
findings to make decisions for their brightest students."
acceleration and early entry to college: A review of the research
by Miraca U.M. Gross, in Gifted
- Research provides strong support for the use of thoughtfully planned and
monitored radical acceleration as a process allowing educators to respond to
the academic and affective needs of a significant subgroup of the gifted
population. These students earn higher GPAs, and they are more likely to
complete college on time or early, earn general and departmental honors,
make the dean's list, enter graduate school, engage in research, and embark
on prestigious careers. Research also documents positive outcomes for social
and emotional development...
Acceleration of Highly Gifted Children
by Miraca U.M. Gross and Helen E. vanVliet
An annotated bibliography of international research on highly gifted children
who graduate from high school three or more years early (requires
Read many stories, both positive and negative, of acceleration of gifted
students, and follow the links to even more stories, case studies, and
Personal Stories about the
effects of A
Nation Deceived: How Schools Hold Back America’s Brightest Students...
Socioaffective Impact of Acceleration and Ability Grouping: Recommendations
for Best Practice
by Maureen Neihart, National Institute of Education, Singapore
Although the academic gains associated with acceleration and peer ability
grouping are well documented, resistance to their use for gifted students
continues because of concerns that such practices will cause social or
emotional harm to students. Research indicates that grade skipping, early
school entrance, and early admission to college have socioaffective benefits
for gifted students who are selected on the basis of demonstrated academic,
social, and emotional maturity, but may be harmful to unselected students
who are arbitrarily accelerated on the basis of IQ, achievement, or social
and Goliath: A Seventh-Grade Girl's Skipping Odyssey
by Mary Reed, NAGC Parenting for High Potential
This was an odyssey in the true sense of the word with many twists and turns.
We all felt dizzy by the time it was over. The key for us, as a family, was
to make sure that this was what Susan wanted and that she was both
emotionally and mentally ready. Now that Susan’s second year of high school
is nearly finished, we feel vindicated. Susan did slay Goliath—not with a
stone, but with her intelligence and maturity.
- Yesterday's Whiz
Kids: Where Are They Today? by Melissa Hendricks
- Preliminary results of a 20-year follow-up indicate that most have been
successful. Many achieved advanced degrees. Many rose to outstanding careers
at an early age
- 13 Days of Radical
Acceleration by Michael
- On the first day of high school, my classmates said to me, "How can
you be in high school when you're so young?"
Academic Acceleration reprinted from MonTAGe,
by Valorie J. King
- Several great essays for gifted parents dealing with acceleration,
including "Research Report: Academic Acceleration (Ten-Year Longitudinal
Study)," "Problem Solving 101: Dealing With Opposition To Acceleration,"
"Problem Solving 102: Making Your Argument For Acceleration," and "Problem
Solving 103: Making Handwriting A Non-Issue"
Acceleration: Knowing Your Options
- A concise summary of research on academic acceleration, including answers
to the common questions of social emotional adjustment, self-esteem, and more.
Now out of print, use interlibrary loan to locate a copy (was a Best of
Hoagies' Gifted Education Page
selection, but difficult to find)
by William K. Durr
- Lest you assume academic acceleration is a new option for gifted children,
this page is an excerpt from the chapter "Acceleration" (p.96-103) in
The Gifted Student written by William K. Durr, published in 1964 by
Oxford University Press, New York.
Evaluating the Controversy over Higher-Speed Education by Lesley Mackay
- Acceleration is intended to facilitate learning for
highly able students who might otherwise be limited to a diet of repetitive
educational experiences. Yet acceleration sparks resistance from some
educators, parents, and other critics who argue that acceleration rushes
students through school, putting students’ social, emotional, and even
intellectual development at risk.
for Gifted Children: An Interview with W. Thomas Southern conducted by
- "There are many accelerative types of programs. In some, schools are
basically trying to recognize what a child has already learned... There are
other kinds of programs, extracurricular programs, where the students go in
the summer... Another type of acceleration is when a student in high
school also enrolls and takes college classes..."
for Gifted Students by Margaret DeLacy
- A background paper to help a school district advisory committee make
Is moving ahead the right step? APA Monitor on-line journal
- But some psychologists' research shows that acceleration--skipping grades
or working ahead in a particular subject--can be one of the best methods to
meet the needs of gifted youth. While not a panacea, acceleration gives
students access to true peers and challenging work...
lets students excel by Cindy Kranz, The Cincinnati Inquirer
- Once frowned on, skipping grades now accepted in gifted education.
School districts in Ohio are required by law to adopt an acceleration policy
for this school year for advanced learners, allowing them to move through
traditional curriculum faster than usual. The state offered a model
policy that districts could adopt or allowed districts to adopt a similar
version. The policy covers early entrance into kindergarten, single-subject
acceleration, whole-grade acceleration and early graduation...
Strategies and Benefits by Michael C. Pyryt
- Highlights some of the major benefits of acceleration, and describes the
smorgasbord of accelerative opportunities model pioneered by Julian Stanley
and colleagues at The Johns Hopkins University. This model has generated a
significant amount of research documenting its effectiveness. Introduces the
Iowa Acceleration Scale as a tool for facilitate discussion and
decision-making regarding acceleration... (requires
Valuable High School to College Option by Nancy Robinson and Kathleen
- Provides some practical part-time acceleration options, as well as
full-time acceleration options. Not accelerating a gifted child causes them to
abandon the intellectual pursuit and become at-risk for difficulties...
- Advocating for a Grade Skip: A Portfolio of
Research by Sandy Mixson
- A parent's recipe for successful advocacy!
Rivers Lead to the Sea: A Follow-up Study of Gifted Young Adults by Kathleen Noble,
Nancy Robinson and Susan Gunderson
- ...accelerating one's secondary education is as healthy a decision for
many highly capable students as remaining with agemates. The social and
emotional development of most highly qualified students has been neither
compromised nor harmed by acceleration. Early entrance to college may
prove to be one of the most navigable rivers a student can run... (requires
Educational Options for Gifted Students in Schools by Joyce
- Most school mission statements proclaim the intention of educating every
child to the level of his or her potential, yet many times those words have
no translation value for the gifted as they sit bored in classrooms where
their instructional level exceeds by years... There is a real need to
consider nonnegotiable options for this population...
genius set to become youngest-ever grad of Independent Study High School
program by Joe Duggan, Lincoln Star Journal
- Like any 10-year-old kid on the cusp of summer, Brandenn Bremmer can't
wait to seize the days. There are golf balls to hit. There are fish to
catch. There's tents to pitch and campfires to build. And there's robots to
program and Venus fly traps to propagate and Beethoven piano concertos to
But first, there's a high school diploma to pick up.
Also Farm family adapts to raise boy who may
graduate high school in two years and Boy
genius ready for bigger things
A sad ending:
Parents struggle with loss of 'child prodigy'
also by Joe Duggan
Kid Blues Sarah Schmidt, Canada.com
- By the time they enter kindergarten some kids can read and do math. So why
won't their schools let them skip a grade? "This child should be
skipped." Instead, the school and family has developed an individual
education plan for Jacob, set up for every student identified as having
exceptional needs, whether gifted or remedial; in this case, an enriched
program will be offered to Jacob if his behaviour worsens during his senior
kindergarten year. Goldman feels defeated...
new BMOC: boy marvel on campus by Berny Morson,
Rocky Mountain News
- Thirteen-year-old Ryan Kramer isn't into model airplanes.
He wants to design real ones. In the fall, Kramer will
become one of the youngest students ever to enroll at the University of
Colorado, where he will major in aerospace engineering...
Minds by Jay Mathews (Washington Post)
- Niels, studying engineering at Rice, remembers his school days not as a
100-yard dash but a series of interesting choices that kept ennui at bay.
Niels sums up for his generation: "Being bored sucks."
Research and Educational Policy: The Strange Case of Acceleration by James
- One of the clear differences between educational policy and educational
research data involves the date of entrance into school. There is no reason,
based on what we know about individual differences and individual growth
rates, why a single date, such as a birthday, should be chosen to determine
when a person will enter the educational system
College When Most Begin by Jacques Steinberg
- In the fall, he will begin studying at Oxford on a Rhodes scholarship,
among the youngest recipients of the scholarship in at least two decades.
"He's just as typical as any 18-year-old," the father said.
"He's very mature, but he messes up, just as we all do, from time to
- Grade Skipped and Successful collected by
- A list of individuals who skipped one or more grades, and are successful
in their fields... from scientist to actress to Nobel Prize winner
for Grade Advancement of Precocious Children by John F. Feldhusen, Theron
Proctor & Kathryn N. Black
- Practical guidelines for making grade advancement decisions... Grade
advancement is a legitimate and valuable method of meeting the needs of some
intellectually or academically gifted students. Grade advancement is a way of
bringing some gifted and talented children up to a level of instruction closer
to their levels of achievement and pace
a Virtual AP Course Changed Her Son by Jay Matthews, Washington Post
- Unlike the middle-school classes in which he apparently coasted, Matthew
saw AP biology as authentic. For him, it was exciting to jump ahead of his
peers. "His attitude toward school and study is very different now,"
she said. "Matthew now talks confidently...
- How Squid
Got Skipped: The Book of Squid by Marjorie
- The preparation, the meeting, the decision, and the "Book of Squid"... one
parent's successful advocacy story
- I Was
an Accelerated Child by Alexandra Swann
- "My parents did not initially plan to accelerate our
educations," "I still think often about my parents' school at
home, and I am very grateful for the opportunities that my education has
given me." "It worked well for us."
For more detail, see her book No
Regrets: How Home Schooling Earned Me A Masters Degree At Age 16
Their Talents Alive: Young Women's Assessment of Radical, Post-Secondary
Acceleration by Kathleen Noble and Raina Smith
- One way [to reverse the trend of women being underrepresented in technical
and scientific careers] is to create an accelerated educational environment
where females do not have to downplay their intellectuality to be accepted by
peers... (requires Adobe Reader)
Look Back at Educational Non-Acceleration: An International Tragedy by
- Many intellectually brilliant youths eager to proceed faster educationally
have been prevented from doing so by their parents, educators, or
psychologists. This brings to mind the horrible Greek legend about Procrustes,
who forced his guests to lie on a very long or a very short bed and fitted
them to it by stretching them if the bed was too long or by cutting off part
of their legs if the bed was too short. The age-in-grade lockstep is a
Procrustean solution endorsed by all but a few...
Early Entrance to College: A Multi-Year Comparative Study of Academic
Performance and Psychological Adjustment by Paul M. Janos, Nancy M.
Robinson, and Clifford E. Lunneborg
- ...for a constituency of exceptionally talented - but quite young -
students, college enrollment, particularly when undertaken in concert with
other able and motivated peers, can be both academically enhancing and
facilitative of personal and social growth. (requires
- Meeting the Needs of Able
Learners through Flexible Pacing (ERIC Digest #464) by Neil Daniel and
- What is flexible pacing, and how can it be implemented?
- Never Say Bored! by Carolyn K.
- Educational hot buttons to avoid when you're talking about academic
- Part Time High School by Jill
- We have to accept that we can't plan more than a year ahead...
- Radical Possibilities for the Profoundly Gifted by Gay
My son, age 10, whom we've home schooled since he was 6, started taking a 2nd
year Spanish class at a local community college last fall at age 9. He will be
enrolled at a local university this coming fall.
at 8 Months? That Was Just the Start by Michael Winerip
- Alia, who is 13, and will earn her undergraduate degree from the State
University at Stony Brook this spring, has been stunning people for a long
time, beginning with her parents, who thought it odd when she started reading
words at 8 months old...
Synthesis by Karen B. Rogers
- Rogers updates (1999) her 1991 research synthesis regarding gifted
SAT talent searches lead nowhere for many by Laura Vanderkam
As schools across the country prepare their students for annual
grade-level testing under the No Child Left Behind Act, thousands of bright
seventh- and eighth-graders are getting ready to take on a greater challenge
this Saturday: the SAT college entrance exam. These scores will help schools
determine which students need more advanced work than they may be getting in
class. At least, that's the idea...
|Gifted students are significantly more likely to retain science and
mathematics content accurately when taught 2-3 times faster than "normal"
class pace. |
|Gifted students are significantly more likely to forget or mislearn
science and mathematics content when they must drill and review it more than
2-3 times |
|Gifted students perform significantly more highly when the majority of
their time is spent in true peer interactions (academic core areas only) |
Short Answers for why our children are grade
accelerated by Carolyn K. and the parents of GT-World and TAGFAM
Snappy comebacks for our grade accelerated
children by Carolyn K. and the parents of GT-World and TAGFAM
Quick answers for some of the sticky situations our kids and we run into
after grade acceleration...
Should Gifted Students Be Grade-Advanced?
(ERIC Digest #526) by Sharon J. Lynch
Sometimes educational acceleration is a realistic and desirable
alternative to normal grade-level work
Your Child Skip a Grade? by Marissa K. Lingen
Getting out was the best thing I ever did in the public school system. I
skipped my junior year of high school, and I have never once regretted it--
something that seems to disappoint all the people from my home town who
predicted it would be "a big mistake."
Went to College Early by The Fund for the Advancement of Education (1957)
Reviews the Program for Early Admission to College of the Fund for the
Advancement of Education. Includes details on the colleges, the
students, academic performance, social and emotional adjustment, and more...
About Early Entrance to College by Paula Olszewski-Kubilius
More and more colleges are instituting special early entrance programs to
attract and nurture exceptionally able younger students...
collegiate high school earns big honor by Rita Farlow, St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg Collegiate High School received the greatest number of
points on the [Florida] school accountability report. The school
enrolls grades 10-12 in a three-year program that allows students to earn a
high school diploma and a college associate degree simultaneously.
"It's good to note that early college experiences are an excellent source of
college access for minority students. They receive the support for the
transition to prepare them for collegiate classes"...
1 in 10,000: A 10-Year Follow-Up of the Profoundly Gifted by David
Lubinski, Rose Mary Webb, Martha J. Morelock, and Camilla P. Benbow
Adolescents identified before the age of 13... as having exceptional
mathematical or verbal reasoning abilities (top 1 in 10,000) were tracked
over 10 years. They pursued doctoral degrees at rates 50 times
base-rate expectations, with several participants having created noteworthy
literary, scientific, or technical products by their early 20s. Early
observed distinctions in intellectual strength (viz., quantitative reasoning
ability over verbal reasoning ability, and vice versa) predicted sharp
differences in their developmental trajectories and occupational pursuits.
This special population strongly preferred educational opportunities
tailored to their precocious rate of learning (i.e. appropriate
developmental placement) with 95% using some form of acceleration to
individualize their education... (requires Adobe Reader)
Price Genius? by Morley Safer, 60 Minutes
When Morley Safer first interviewed Adragon De Mello for 60 Minutes in
1987, the 10-year-old's father thought he was a genius. The boy, known as
A.D., was in college because his father said there were no schools, public or
private, that could challenge his son's intelligence. But A.D.'s road to
a higher education was a rocky one, and so was his life at home, where the
pressure to succeed often became overwhelming...
College So Young?
A parent's testimonial on California State University LA's Early Entrance
April 01, 2016