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Counseling the Gifted
"Counseling gifted students and their families is one of the most
challenging and rewarding functions for a counselor. Gifted students have
tremendous variability not only in their cognitive capacity, but in their
affective development. While there are clearly common themes to the
social-emotional issues confronting gifted students, there are profound
individual differences among gifted students..." Nicholas Colangelo,
Gifted and Talented Students
March 26, 2019
Gifted and Talented Children: A Guide for Teachers, Counselors, and Parents
by Roberta M. Milgram
- Gives counselors, classroom teachers, gifted education specialists, and
parents an understanding of the academic and social-personal needs of gifted
and talented students, awareness of ways that they themselves may help these
children, and an introduction to the available guidance strategies and
materials... Also available from Amazon.co.uk
the Gifted and Talented
by Linda Kreger Silverman
- A great resource for understanding the many and complex needs of gifted
children... Also available from Amazon.co.uk
Therapy for the Gifted: The Chicago Approach
by Leland Baska
- While all mental health professionals who work for schools would like to
provide unconditional assistance in meeting their client's needs, the job
description for such individuals in public schools often interferes with a
strict adherence to this practice. Case loads are heavy, and the roles to be
performed many. What kind of counseling, then, can be delivered in a public
"me" behind the mask: Intellectually gifted students and the search for
by Miraca Gross
- To be valued within a peer culture which values conformity, gifted young
people may mask their giftedness and develop alternative identities which are
perceived as more socially acceptable. The weaving of this protective mask
requires the gifted child to conceal her love of learning, her interests which
differ from those of age-peers, and her advanced moral development. If this
assumed identity does indeed bring her the social acceptance she seeks, the
gifted child may become afraid to take off her mask...
of Counseling Gifted Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults
by Sal Mendaglio & Jean Sunde Peterson (or from
- Designed to help interested professionals conduct effective counseling
with highly able clients, with literature review, tecniques, and case
studies for each technique...
Social and Emotional Development of Gifted Children: What Do We Know?
Maureen Neihart, Sally M. Reis, Nancy M. Robinson, Sidney M. Moon
- What does the research (slim as it is) tell us? Essential reading for those who
wish to enable gifted students to develop their strengths and to position them
to make the contributions of which they are capable. Also available from
Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.ca
Call to Action
- Heres your [second] chance to make a difference in the future of
counseling services provided to gifted children in schools, community
agencies, and private counseling-related services. This request comes from
Andrew Mahoney, Past-Chair of the Counseling and Guidance Division of NAGC and
the Counseling and Guidance Division of NAGC...
the Sleeping Giant: Giftedness in Adult Psychotherapy by
- A method of inquiry for psychotherapists who suspect that giftedness may
be an unidentified issue in a client's well being. Components of the process
of gifted-self discovery; Attendant affective and behavioral responses of
client and therapist; Suggestions for assisting the client's post-therapy
stability and growth...
"Achievement by Proxy" spectrum: recognition and clinical response to
pressured and high-achieving children and adolescents by Ian R. Tofler
(available from Highbeam.com, by
subscription, or free trial)
- Supportive behavior refers to adult pride and satisfaction experienced in
supporting a child's development while also nurturing that child's abilities,
special talents, and performances. It is natural for parents to have ambitions
for their children and to sacrifice for them. The adult is at risk for
crossing the line [when] social advancement and financial benefits of the
child's achievements have now become important, concurrent, or even primary
goals for the adult, not a simple dividend of success...
and gifted: Addressing existential dread by J'Anne Ellsworth
- Gifted youth may be especially susceptible to experiencing Existential
Dread. If teachers, parents and students work together, the following
solutions are suggested for consideration: a) nourish students socially, (b)
work toward acceptance of giftedness and teach methods for enhancing emotional
development, (c) provide philosophical nurturance...
argument for proactive attention to affective concerns of gifted adolescents by
Jean Peterson, Purdue University
- To meet affective needs of gifted adolescents, teachers in gifted
education can avail themselves of the expertise and resources of school
counselors who, especially in recent decades, have been trained to create and
implement prevention-oriented, developmental guidance programs. This article
provides information about what counselors can offer to gifted adolescents and
and Advocating for Gifted Students: Perspectives for School and Clinical
Psychologists by Nancy M. Robinson
- Gifted children are an ill-served group of special-needs students. Few
psychologists have had training in addressing their needs. As a result, gifted
children are often subjected to a critical mismatch with their educational
environments, with multiple consequences for their learning and attainment,
their motivation, and their personal adjustment...
deficit disorders and gifted students: What do we really know? by Felice
Kaufmann, M. Layne Kalbfleisch. and F. Xavier Castellanos
- In recent years, several have expressed concern that giftedness is often
misconstrued as ADHD and that the diagnosis of ADHD among the gifted
population has run amok. We acknowledge that there are cases of mistaken
diagnosis, although as of this writing, we have found no empirical data
in the medical, educational, or psychological literature to substantiate the
extent of this concern...
promise with passion: Best practices for counseling intellectually talented
youth by John A. Achter & David Lubinski, in
Career Development and Counseling: Putting Theory and Research to Work
- The intellectually talented tend to begin at an earlier age to think about
career possibilities. However, structured career search programs in
schools are not implemented until the senior high years, when they may be
developmentally mistimed for gifted students... (requires Adobe Reader)
Advice for Geniuses by Marty Nemko
Not so. Being highly intelligent comes with surprising workplace burdens, as
I've learned during 20 years as a career coach specializing in
intellectually gifted adults. Here are suggestions I've made that clients
have found most helpful...
Colleges: For the Hyper-Intelligent, Self-Directed, Late Blooming, and Just
by Donald Asher
- Thinking about college? Looking for the 'right' college for yourself, or
your child? This book is for you! Also available from Amazon.co.uk
- Council for Accreditation of Counseling
Related Educational Programs (CACREP) and 2008 Standards Revision Process
- This is a campaign to address the special needs of counseling gifted
children in the standards for graduate counseling programs beginning in
the year 2008. We need your support, both as an individual, and as
a member or head of any organization related to gifted children...
Gifted Adults – A Case Study by Paula Prober
- Gifted children are often identified by their insatiable curiosity,
advanced mental ability, intensity, and thought-provoking questions. But
what happens when these children become adults? What are they like and do
they have any particular mental health needs? A case study of one particular
gifted adult explains the typical issues these clients bring into counseling...
Gifted and Talented Students by Nicholas Colangelo
- Gifted students, if nothing else, are complex. However, it does no good to
pretend there are certain things we do not know when we do. Currently, we know
considerably more about the social-emotional issues confronting gifted
students based on research and clinical observation...
disorder in highly gifted adolescents by Susan Jackson and Jean Peterson
- Examines the nature and extent of depressive disorders in highly gifted
adolescents based on current literature and data gathered from a
phenomenological study, focus groups, and clinical records. Two case studies
and clinical examples document the capacity of some highly gifted adolescents
to mask even severe symptoms... (requires Adobe Reader)
Your Gifted Child Need Professional Help? by Steven Curtis
- It is clear that gifted children are frequently misdiagnosed as having a
particular disorder when they actually are quite normal for who they are. In
order to investigate normality, each child must be looked at holistically.
Curtis gives five preliminary steps for parents to answer first, to
determine if additional professional intervention should be sought...
Children Require An Exceptional Approach by Andrew Mahoney
- While there are many methods of counseling, there are few specific
modalities designed for counseling gifted children. Because of the exceptional
nature attributed to giftedness, it would be naive to assume that conventional
approaches to counseling would suffice when working with this population.
[Here are] just a few of the many nuances related to assessment, the
counselor's role, and the counseling process itself...
and Giftedness by Barbara A. Kerr and Megan Foley Nicpon
- Both gifted girls and gifted boys experience conflicts between gender
identity and achievement motivation. These conflicts can prevent gifted young
people from attaining the education they need, from following through on
career goals, and from forming satisfying and healthy relationships. Social
pressure to attain ideals of masculinity and femininity often works against
the development of talent in young people. An understanding of gender and
giftedness can help counselors to guide young people through the critical
milestones and danger zones in which the fulfillment of talent is threatened
by gender socialization... (RTF file)
and Talented Children: Issues for Pediatricians by Nancy M. Robinson and
Paula M. Olszewski-Kubilius
- Definitions and prevalence, characteristics, educational options, and
more, in a brief pamphlet written specifically for pediatricians ... (requires Adobe Reader)
Gifted Identity Formation Model by Andrew Mahoney
- The Gifted Identity Formation Model is a guide for understanding the
complexity and nuances of gifted people. It provides a counseling framework that
helps gifted individuals to be aware of and to understand the effect their
giftedness has on their life development, and the importance giftedness has on
their identity formation..."
Students with Attention Deficits: Fact and/or Fiction? Or, Can We See the
Forest for the Trees? by Susan M. Baum, F. Richard Olenchak and Steven V.
- It is said that far too many high ability students are referred for
problems with impulsivity, hyperactivity, and sustaining attention. Several
important issues, rarely discussed in the literature on attention deficits,
offer alternative hypotheses for the increasing incidence of hyperactivity and
attention problems of gifted youngsters...
Gifted students with learning disabilities: implications and strategies for
school counselors by Adriana G. McEachern and Javier Bornot
- These students have special needs that require appropriate educational
programs and curricula. They must be identified early and placed in
specialized programs to enhance their giftedness, while remedying or
compensating for their learning deficiencies. School counselors can be
facilitators and collaborators to ensure that these students then have
positive, successful academic, personal, and social experiences...
multifaceted sensitivity of gifted students: implications for counseling
by Sal Mendaglio
- Effective psychological counseling of gifted students is enhanced when
mental health professionals have knowledge of gifted people's differentiating
characteristics. This article focuses on heightened multifaceted
sensitivity... (requires Adobe Reader)
Search of The Gifted Identity: From abstract concept to workable counseling
constructs by Andrew Mahoney
- Knowing ones giftedness and having a well-developed sense of identity as
a gifted person are crucial for the development of the self. Many gifted
people struggle with their giftedness, what it means to be gifted and how to
develop that potential because there are few models available to assist in the
identity development and counseling of gifted people...
If You're So Smart,
Why Do You Need Counseling? by Deborah L. Ruf
- Examples of the confusing feedback that many gifted adults received during
their childhoods, feedback that was often so harmful or confusing as to
jeopardize the subjects' sense of both purpose and value...
intellectual and psychosocial nature of extreme giftedness by
Philip Powell and Tony Haden
- Comparing the differences of average, moderately
gifted and extremely gifted individuals has implications for educators,
parents, and psychologists...
The Often Forgotten Factor Impacting the Gifted by Jill D. Burruss and
- Introversion is simply a personality trait found in a small percentage of
the total population. Introverts are different from extraverts and this
difference is very difficult for the extravert to understand because they do
not operate in that fashion. And because they do not understand it, many
continually try to help the introvert become more social, more gregarious,
more outgoing, and have more fun from the extravert perspective. Such is the
situation of the introvert, a minority in the regular population but a
majority in the gifted population.
All About Identity by Andrew S. Mahoney
- We [must] focus on the gifted person's identity formation and development
of self. Without this focus, the needs of this population may not be
appropriately addressed. The work begins with
parents, educators and counselors, not with the children, others or outside
- For a detailed guide,
Gifted Identity Formation Model: In search of the gifted identity, from abstract
concept to workable counseling constructs also by Andrew S. Mahoney
Knowing one's giftedness and having a well-developed sense of identity as a
gifted person are crucial for the development of the self. Many gifted people
struggle with their giftedness, what it means to be gifted and how to develop
that potential because there are few models available to assist in the identity
development and counseling of gifted people. Moreover, identity itself is often
viewed as an abstract concept. The Gifted Identity Formation Model helps
bridge the theoretical with the practical...
Love for Learning: Motivation and the Gifted Child
by edited by Jonathan A. Plucker and Carolyn M. Callahan
- Gifted children are susceptible to many de-motivating factors, which can
lead to depression and academic underachievement. Learn concepts and
techniques to counteract those factors, allowing a child's motivation to
Regular Classroom Curriculum for High Ability Students by Laura E. McGrail
- The focus of educational services for high ability students is shifting to
the regular classroom. School psychologists are in an excellent position to
facilitate this paradigm shift. Just as we have served as facilitators for the
increasing inclusion of students with disabilities in regular education
programs, we should take a leadership role in preparing regular education
teachers to better accommodate the needs of gifted and talented students...
Among the Intellectually Gifted: "It Was Never There and Already It's Vanishing"
by John A. Achter, David Lubinski, and Camilla Persson Benbow
- Evaluation of the concept of multipotentiality, taken from the
psychological literature on counseling intellectually gifted individuals
(viz., those with high-fiat ability and preference profiles that may lead to
career indecision and distress). An examination of over 1,000 intellectually
gifted students (top 1%) in 4 separate cohorts, revealed little empirical
support for the prevalence of multipotentiality within intellectually talented
adolescents (<5%). Rather, it appears that the idea of an overabundance of
high-flat ability and preference profiles among gifted students stems from the
use of age-calibrated and, hence, developmentally inappropriate assessment
tools having insufficient ceilings... (requires Adobe Reader)
Child Left Behind: gifted children and school counselors by Marcia Gentry,
Professional School Counseling
- These are troubled times in education, and even more troubled times in
gifted education, with the narrow focus brought to education by NCLB.
Intervention for individual students and quality education for identified
gifted, at-risk, and underidentified gifted and at-risk students begins with
one educator and one child at a time. It seems that school counselors are in
a unique position not only to work with children, but also to bring to the
table conversations concerning some of the issues raised herein...
Overview: Understanding and Assessing Suicide in the Gifted by Andrew Mahoney
- Though there is no conclusive evidence that the gifted are more prone to
suicide than the non-gifted (Delisle, 1986), suicide among the gifted is a
serious issue. There are several factors that counselors, parents and teachers
should understand to precipitate earlier and better suicide assessment and
intervention among the gifted. These include a clear understanding of the
signs of suicide and the possible connections between mood disorders,
hypersensitivity and suicide in the gifted...
Parents and Professionals as Partners: A Psychologist's View by Nancy M.
- As a psychologist who works with the families of gifted children I'm
witness to a great many battles that could and should have been avoided.
In my view, a very high priority needs to be given to establishing a working
partnership among parents and all other adults... (requires Adobe Reader)
Factors in the Development of Adulthood Giftedness from Childhood Talent by
- It is clear that the transition from childhood giftedness to adult
creative production is complex and involves many factors. Different outcomes
may result in adulthood depending on the emphases within the family during
childhood or childhood circumstances...
- Psychologist Blames
Stress for Gifted Students' Misbehavior by Susan Walton, in
- Some high-school dropouts, chronic truants, and classroom daydreamers may
be very bright children who use inappropriate behavior as a way to ease the
distinctive stresses they and others like them often experience in
Themes in Career Counseling of Gifted and Talented Students by Meredith J.
- Multipotentiality is frequently cited as a problem for gifted and talented
students in career planning... The career decision making process for gifted
girls may present more challenges than for gifted boys because of girls'
earlier puberty and emotional maturation, along with greater self-concept
discrepancies, higher and multiple societal ideals imposed on them and a
minority status in some male-dominated occupational settings...
on Counseling Gifted Adults by Annemarie Roeper
- Even though I have worked with gifted people for many years, I continue to
be surprised by the most unexpected expressions of intensity, passions,
gentleness, empathy, and creativity as well as frustration, disappointment,
and a certain puzzlement at the strangeness of the world...
- School Counselors Light-Up the Intra- and
Inter-Personal Worlds of Our Gifted by Cynthia Marie-Martinovich Lardner
- For all gifted children, by or in high school, self-concept and
interpersonal skills decrease, while anxiety and isolation increase. For some
gifted children, self-concept relative to peer relations diminished as they
progressed through school. By working with the gifted in the school setting,
counselors nurturing universality and affiliation, can boost self-concept and
self-efficacy thereby increasing emotional intelligence...
Revel Sheely interview by Douglas Eby
- I love those crisp moments in counseling and therapy where you feel
electricity in the room, and you know something has shifted and something is
going to change for that person...
Social-Emotional Health of Children: An Interview with Psychologist Maureen
- What are the major beliefs out there about the social-emotional or
psychological health of gifted children?
Teaching and Counseling Gifted Girls edited by Susan K. Johnsen and
- Covers some of the most important issues facing
gifted and talented girls during their school years, from elementary school
through college. General overviews of the internal and external barriers faced
by gifted girls provide the context for more specific chapters on counseling and
classroom strategies to help ensure these students' future success.
for selecting the right counselor or therapist for your gifted child by
James T. Webb
- Parenting gifted children often is a challenge, and emotions
and interpersonal interactions are not only intense but also are continually
changing. When is professional assessment and guidance needed? how do you
find a psychologist or counselor? How do you tell your child that you are
going to see a counselor? What can you expect?
Tails of the Normal Curve: Similarities and Differences in the Study of Mental
Retardation and Giftedness by Nancy M. Robinson, Edward Zeiger, James J.
- Professionals in the fields of mental retardation and giftedness
have much to teach each other as well as the field of human development in
general. Includes information on problems with the normal curve
at the tails, as well as other problems faced by both tails, and those
unique to the gifted population... (requires Adobe Reader)
in Exceptionally Gifted Adolescents and Young Adults: A Psychiatrists View
by Jerald Grobman
- It is crucial for educators to differentiate between issues related to
academic motivation and special needs related to students' disabilities that
may be unrecognized by many classroom teachers. research is summarized and
suggestions about interventions are made...
biography to counsel gifted young men by Thomas P. Hébert
- ...focuses on four issues confronting bright young men: underachievement,
self-inflicted pressure in athletics, cultural alienation, and father-son
relationships. The author proposes the use of biography as a counseling
strategy through which bright young men may gain helpful insights to deal with
the problems they face...
biography to counsel gifted young women by Thomas P. Hèbert, Linda A.
Long, and Kristie L. Speirs Neumeister
- The guided reading of biographies is a useful counseling strategy through
which middle and high school educators may assist gifted females in gaining
helpful insights to deal with the problems they face and will continue to
face throughout their lives, thus helping them maintain their emotional
health and develop their talent...
is the school psychologist's role in gifted education? by Eric L.
Gifted Child Today
- Gifted students are not immune from issues that affect all students in
schools. Whether it relates to pressure to succeed, test anxiety, to being
labeled gifted and disabled, students in gifted programs need access to
school-based services as much as any type of student...