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Resources for Students Who Are Highly or Profoundly Gifted

Highly and profoundly gifted students are children whose needs are so far beyond "typical" gifted that they require extraordinary resources. When tested with a Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), their scores range from 145 to 159 for highly gifted and above 160 for profoundly gifted. In those ranges, these children are as different in intellectual abilities from gifted children (usually 130 to 144) as gifted are from a typical regular education population. IQ scores do not tell the whole story; however, they are a useful indicator of individual differences, particularly when used to inform instruction.

The following resources may be useful for all bright children but are likely to be essential for highly or profoundly gifted children.

  1. Distance Education

    Regional talent searches are conducted annually to identify gifted students throughout the nation. Each location provides academic courses during summers as well as online during the school year for middle and high school students, and most centers provide courses for younger students as well. Most programs require students to take an above-grade-level entrance test to qualify for the program. Check each location for online course availability and deadlines.

    Center for Talent Development (CTD)
    Northwestern University
    617 Dartmouth Place
    Evanston, IL 60208

    Duke University
    Talent Identification Program (TIP)
    PO Box 90747
    Durham, NC 27708-0747

    Center for Talented Youth (CTY)
    Johns Hopkins University
    McAuley Hall 5801 Smith Ave.
    Suite 400
    Baltimore, MD 21209

    Rocky Mountain Talent Search
    2135 E. Wesley Avenue
    200 Wesley Hall
    University of Denver
    Denver, CO 80208

    Virtual schools for homeschooling families.

    Virtual School for the Gifted

    Westbridge School
    A college preparatory virtual school for academically advanced homeschoolers.

  2. Early entrance programs that combine high school and college

  3. Helping Your Highly Gifted Child, a digest that addresses highly gifted students

  4. Periodicals that address highly gifted issues

    Understanding Our Gifted, published by Open Space Communications. Columnists include Dr. Miraca Gross, the author of Exceptionally Gifted Children. For more information visit the website
    (www.openspacecomm.com) or call 800.494.6178

    Imagine, a periodical for students published by the Center for Talented Youth, Johns Hopkins University. For more information, call 800.548.1784. http://cty.jhu.edu/imagine

  5. Books and Book Chapters

    Assouline, S.; Colangelo, N.; Lupkowski-Shoplik, A.; & Lipscomb, J. (1999). The Iowa Acceleration Scale (IAS). AZ: Gifted Psychology Press (www.giftedbooks.com)
    Provides guidance to educators in making important decisions regarding whether particular students are good candidates for whole-grade acceleration (grade-skip).

    Feldman, D. H., with Goldsmith, L. T. (1986). Nature's gambit: Child prodigies and the development of human potential. New York: Basic Books.

    Feldman, R. D. (1982). Whatever happened to the Quiz Kids? Chicago: Chicago Review Press.

    Gross, M. U. M. (1992). The early development of three profoundly gifted children of IQ 200. In P. S. Klein & A. J. Tannenbaum (Eds.), To be young and gifted (pp. 94-138). Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

    Gross, M. U. M. (1993). Exceptionally gifted children. London and New York: Routledge.

    Grost, A. (1970). Genius in residence. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Hollingworth, L. S. (1942). Children above 180 IQ (Stanford-Binet): Origin and development. Yonkers-on-Hudson, NY: World Book Company.

    Morelock, M. J., & Feldman, D. H. (1991). Extreme precocity. In N. Colangelo & G. A. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of gifted education. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

    Rogers, K. (June 27, 1998). A study of 241 profoundly gifted children. www.gifteddevelopment.com/Articles/AStudyOf241ExtraordGC.htm (no longer available)

    Silverman, L. K. (1989). The highly gifted. In J. F. Feldhusen, J. VanTassel-Baska, & K. R. Seeley (Eds.), Excellence in educating the gifted (pp. 71-83). Denver: Love.

    Subotnik, Rena (1993). Genius Revisited: High IQ Children Grown Up. NJ: ABLEX Publishing Corp.

  6. Organizations

    The Davidson Institute for Talent Development
    Marie Capurro, M.Ed., Director of Programs and Services
    775.852.DITD ext.405 (phone)
    775.852.2184 (fax)
    The mission of the Davidson Institute for Talent Development is to recognize, nurture, and support profoundly gifted young people and to provide opportunities for them to develop their talents in positive ways to create value for themselves and others. Services to support the talent development of profoundly gifted young people include: assessment assistance, educational advocates, early college assistance, and PG-Online community for parents to connect with parents, and students to connect with each other and adult role models.

    The Hollingworth Center for Highly Gifted Children
    207.655.3767 or 508.597.0977
    A national volunteer resource and support network for highly gifted children, their families, schools and communities that serves as a clearinghouse of information and events concerning the needs of highly gifted children.

    The Institute for Educational Advancement (IEA)
    A nonprofit organization that provides programs and services for gifted youth (including highly and profoundly), their parents and educators.

    The Mega Foundation
    A non-profit corporation established to create and implement programs that aid in the development of severely gifted individuals. The Mega Foundation also supports and develops innovative projects, in the arts and sciences, based solely upon the merit of the projects and the vision of their creators.

    National Gifted Children's Fund
    This non-profit charitable corporation assists profoundly gifted youth with the educational materials to enhance their education enabling their minds to develop to extremely high potentials that would otherwise not be possible due to their financial disadvantages.

    Malone Family Foundation
    The Malone Family Foundation provides funds to academic institutions that offer education for gifted children. These funds become scholarships for lower-income gifted children.

    The advocacy group in your state may provide local resources. A state-by-state list is available on our web site at www.hoagiesgifted.org/eric/fact/stateres.html.


  7. Private schooling. The following websites provide lists or databases:

    School Match

    The 2005 Educational Opportunity Guide, A Directory of Programs for the Gifted Duke University Talent Identification Program www.tipstore.tip.duke.edu/eog.asp

    Boarding Schools
    National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS)

    International Registry.
    Schools for Gifted & Talented Students
    web66.coled.umn.edu/Schools/Lists/Gifted.html (no longer available)

    National Private School Association Group
    Up-to-date database of approximately 130,000individual private, non-public Schools (Grades PK-12) located in the United States

    GT School Registry

    Hoagies list of schools

  8. Websites Friendly to Parents

    GT World

    Hoagies resources for highly and profoundly gifted

    SDB Online Resource Center

    SENG (Supporting the Emotional Needs of the Gifted)

    TAGFAM's home page

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copyright 2002
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education
Last updated: March 18, 2003

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