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Tourette Syndrome (updated May 2003)

Do you have any information on Tourette Syndrome?

From the Tourette Syndrome Association: Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by tics —, rapid, sudden movements or vocalizations that occur repeatedly in the same way. Diagnostic criteria include:

  • Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics present at some time, although not necessarily simultaneously;
  • The occurrence of tics many times a day (usually in bouts) nearly every day or intermittently throughout the span of more than one year;
  • Periodic changes in the number, frequency, type and location of the tics, and in the waxing and waning of their severity. Symptoms can sometimes disappear for weeks or months at a time;
  • Onset before the age of 18.

Following are links to related Internet resources and Internet discussion groups, as well as selected citations from the ERIC database and the search terms we used to find the citations.


You can search the ERIC database yourself on the Internet through either of the following web sites:

ERIC Citations

The full text of citations beginning with an ED number (for example, EDxxxxxx) is available:

  • In microfiche collections worldwide; to find your nearest ERIC Resource Collection, point your web browser to: http://ericae.net/derc.htm.
  • For a fee through the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS): http://edrs.com, service@edrs.com, or 1.800.443.ERIC. (no longer available)

The full text of citations beginning with an EJ number (for example, EJxxxxxx) is available for a fee from:

ERIC Search Terms Used

Tourette syndrome

ED459552 EC308739
Tourette Syndrome: A Case for Establishing the Individual Needs of Children at Risk.
Wilson, Jeni; Shrimpton, Bradley
2001
23p.
EDRS Price: MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: REPORTS (143); SPEECEHES, COFERENCE PAPERS (150)
Geographic Source: Australia; Victoria
Journal Announcement: RIEMAY2002
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by multiple, involuntary, and repetitive motor and vocal tics. This paper addresses the educational needs of students with TS noting that, without proper intervention and appropriate learning experiences, these children often experience personal distress, reduced self-esteem, social problems, and school failures. It reports on results of questionnaires in ongoing case studies of 15 Australian students (14 boys and 1 girl). Analysis of questionnaire responses is organized around four categories: (1) feelings about TS, (2) effects on learning, (3) treatment by others, and (4) management of tics. Most respondents described their initial feelings about life with TS as negative but predictions of life in the future were more positive. Fourteen of the students reported that TS affected their learning in such ways as reducing concentration and the distraction of obsessive thoughts. Students generally felt they were treated differently because of their TS, although they appeared to feel less of this in the classroom environment. Two-thirds of students indicated that they try to cover up their tics. Possible teacher and student actions are organized around the physical dimension, social/emotional dimension, the psychological dimension, and the medical dimension. (Contains 15 references.) (DB) Descriptors: Attitudes toward Disabilities; Case Studies; Foreign Countries; Individual Needs; Learning Problems; *Neurological Impairments; Peer Relationship; Secondary Education; *Self Concept; *Self Evaluation (Individuals); *Student Attitudes; Student Needs
Identifiers: Australia; *Tourette Syndrome

EJ585779 EC622003
Understanding Tourette Syndrome: An Educators' Guide for the Inclusive Classroom.
Knight, Diane
Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services; v17 n2 p111-130 Spr 1999
Language: English
Document Type: GUIDES (055); JOURNAL ARTICLES (080)
Journal Announcement: CIJDEC1999
This guide to Tourette Syndrome addresses prevalence and etiology, associated behaviors (such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), treatment approaches and medication, and classroom management techniques (such as handling tic release/stress and managing hyperactivity/controlling attentional impulses).
Descriptors: Behavior Problems; *Classroom Techniques; Elementary Secondary Education; *Etiology; Incidence; Intervention; *Special Health Problems; *Student Characteristics; Student Needs; Therapy
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

EJ590917 CG554265
Gilles de la Tourette's Syndrome in Childhood: A Guide for School Professionals.
Walter, Abbe L.; Carter, Alice S.
School Psychology Review; v26 n1 p28-46 1997
ISSN: ISSN-0279-6015
Language: English
Document Type: INFORMATION ANALYSES (070); JOURNAL ARTICLES (080)
Journal Announcement: CIJMAR2000
Gilles de la Tourette's Syndrome (GTS) is considered a neuropsychiatric condition characterized by multiple motor and vocal tics. With some cases, a variety of neurocognitive, social, and emotional difficulties are present. Describes core features of GTS and highlights how symptoms and their features may interfere with school functioning. School psychologists can play a critical role in academic, social, and adaptive functioning of students with GTS.
Descriptors: *Adjustment (to Environment); Attention Deficit Disorders; *Emotional Problems; Hyperactivity; Learning Disabilities; Mental Disorders; *Neuropsychology; School Psychologists; Social Problems; *Student Problems
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

ED386871 EC304260
Tourette's and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Toughing It Out at Home and at School.
Murphy, Joan, Ed.; And Others
1995
223; 3p.
ISBN: ISBN-0-9625194-1-3
Available from: Baton Rouge Tourette's Support Group, 895 Dubois Lane, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 ($18, plus $2.50 shipping and handling).
EDRS Price: MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS.
Language: English
Document Type: General (020); GUIDES (055)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Louisiana
This resource book contains 43 articles to assist in addressing the problems of children with Tourette Syndrome or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Separate sections are provided for articles on medical, psychological, educational, and legal aspects of these conditions. Examples of topics considered in the medical section include: advances in treatment of Tourette syndrome, genetics of Tourette syndrome, diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, and the relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and Tourette syndrome. Topics in the psychological section include psychological treatment for Tourette syndrome, family problems, and the roles of various professionals. Topics in the educational section include appropriate accommodations and modifications, the roles of the school nurse and social worker, suggestions for teachers of students with Tourette syndrome, alternative placements, and vocational assessments. The legal section addresses administrative agency remedies and due process, social security benefits, law enforcement, and procedures of family courts. A final section provides brief articles on various agencies and support groups. The book also contains a glossary and a list of abbreviations. (DB) Descriptors: Agencies; *Attention Deficit Disorders; Classroom Techniques; Educational Needs; *Educational Practices; Elementary Secondary Education; *Hyperactivity; Legal Responsibility; Medical Evaluation; Medical Services; *Neurological Impairments; Organizations (Groups); Psychological Evaluation; Psychological Services
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

EJ554430 PS527247
Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome: A Case Study.
Hallenberg, Harvey
Montessori Life; v9 n3 p38-40 Sum 1997
ISSN: ISSN-1054-0040
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLES (080); REPORTS (141)
Describes a Montessori teacher's experience with a sufferer of Tourette's syndrome, a dysfunction characterized by motor and vocal tics. Studies the progress over a school year, including work on academic skills utilizing the Montessori method and behavior. Shares research, successes, and failures in trying to reach the child. (SD) Descriptors: Disabilities; *Disability *Identification; Individualized Instruction; Intermediate Grades; *Learning Disabilities; *Montessori Method; Preadolescents; Student Centered Curriculum; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

EJ573574 EC619986
An Overview of Medications Commonly Used To Treat Behavioral Disorders Associated with Autism, Tourette Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorders.
Sweeney, Dwight; Forness, Steven R.; Levitt, Jennifer G.
Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities; v13 n3 p144-50 Fall 1998
Language: English
Document Type: INFORMATION ANALYSES (070); JOURNAL ARTICLES (080)
Journal Announcement: CIJJUN1999
Discusses the potential uses of psychopharmarcologic therapy with students who are diagnosed with autism, Tourette syndrome, or pervasive developmental disorders and who display learning, emotional, or behavioral disorders. Explores the possible benefits and known negative side effects associated with 10 classes of drugs used for such treatment.
Descriptors: Adolescents; *Autism; *Behavior Disorders; Children; *Drug Therapy; Emotional Disturbances; *Learning Disabilities; *Medicine; *Outcomes of Treatment

EJ468769 EC606661
Identifying the Child with Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome.
Anderson, Donna J.
Preventing School Failure, v37 n3 p25-28 Spr 1993
ISSN: 1045-988X
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); REVIEW LITERATURE (070) Journal Announcement: CIJJAN94
This article presents a brief introduction to Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics and obsessive- compulsive behaviors). It describes the nature of the disorder, treatment, and service provision (evaluation and assessment and the Individual Education Plan).
Descriptors: *Behavior Patterns; Educational Needs; Elementary Secondary Education; *Handicap Identification; Individualized Education Programs; *Neurological Impairments; Student Characteristics; *Therapy
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

EJ440393 SP521056
Mindy Has Tourette Syndrome.
Connely, Connie
Learning, v20 n5 p42-45 Jan 1992
ISSN: 0090-3167
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Journal Announcement: CIJJUN92
A primary teacher describes what it was like for her to have a first grade student with Tourette Syndrome. After discussing diagnosis and intervention, she makes suggestions for teachers who think they have students with similar problems. Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); *Adjustment (to Environment); Classroom Techniques; Congenital Impairments; *Early Intervention; Grade 4; Mild Disabilities; Primary Education; *Special Needs Students; *Student Adjustment; *Teacher Role; Teacher Student Relationship
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

EJ463949 EC605544
Gilles de la Tourette Disorder among Individuals with Severe or Profound Mental Retardation.
Crews, W. David, Jr.; And Others
Mental Retardation, v31 n1 p25-28 Feb 1993
ISSN: 0047-6765
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); RESEARCH REPORT (143)
Journal Announcement: CIJOCT93
Target Audience: Researchers
Three case reports of people with severe or profound mental retardation and Tourette disorder are presented. Issues related to the diagnosis of Tourette disorder in this population are discussed.
Descriptors: Case Studies; *Clinical Diagnosis; Incidence; Medical Evaluation; *Mental Disorders; Multiple Disabilities; Neurological Impairments; Neuropsychology; *Severe Mental Retardation; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

ED387980 EC304334
Learning Problems and the TS Child and Specific Classroom Strategies and Techniques for Students with Tourette Syndrome and Techniques To Aid Students with TS in Completing Written Assignments.
Davidovicz, Herman; And Others
Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., Bayside, NY. Apr 1994 8p.
Sponsoring Agency: American Legion Child Welfare Foundation, Inc., Indianapolis, Ind.
Available From: Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., 42-40 Bell Blvd. Bayside, NY 11361-2874 ($0.50 each).
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055); COLLECTION (020)
Geographic Source: U.S.; New York
Journal Announcement: RIEMAR96
Target Audience: Parents; Practitioners
Three fact sheets provide parents and educators with basic information on Tourette Syndrome (TS). The first sheet is titled "Learning Problems and the TS Child" and is by Herman Davidovicz, a neuropsychologist. It notes the high frequency of attention deficit disorders and learning problems in children with TS and provides information for parents on warning signs, reasons for the learning problems, suggestions for intervention, and consideration of remedial help and regular classroom adjustments. The second fact sheet is by an educator, Susan Conners, and is titled "Specific Classroom Strategies and Techniques for Students with Tourette Syndrome." Strategies are suggested for the following areas: tic symptoms; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder problems; visual motor integration, auditory processing difficulties, and fine motor skill problems; and "short fuse" and oppositional behavior difficulties. The third sheet is by Jacqueline Favish, a special educator, and is titled "Techniques To Aid Students with TS in Completing Written Assignments." It offers suggestions for helping students with note taking, standardized tests, teacher-devised tests, and timed tests. Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled); Attention Deficit Disorders; Behavior Problems; *Classroom Techniques; Elementary Secondary Education; Hyperactivity; Incidence; Intervention; *Learning Problems; Learning Strategies; Mainstreaming; *Neurological Impairments; Remedial Instruction; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders); Test Wiseness
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

ED385078 EC304111
Discipline and the TS Child: A Guide for Parents and Teachers of Children with Tourette Syndrome.
Fisher-Collins, Ramona
Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., Bayside, NY. 1994 21p.
Available From: Tourette Syndrome Association, Inc., 42-40 Bell Blvd., Bayside, NY 11361-2874 ($3).
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Geographic Source: U.S.; New York
Journal Announcement: RIEDEC95
Target Audience: Teachers; Parents; Practitioners
This parent and teacher guide considers discipline for children with Tourette Syndrome (TS) who have difficulty with behavioral compliance. Discipline is defined primarily as "training to act in accordance with rules," and is not punishment but involves teaching self-control and observance of societal expectations. Controversy and misconceptions about discipline are noted. Consideration is given to redirecting the child from undesirable behaviors which can occur with TS, such as the urge to spit or touch or grab other people's personal body parts. Ways to redirect the child from obsessive thought repetition are also addressed to help avoid the child's distress when saying phrases or words of an obscene or violent nature which stick in their minds. Practice in anticipating outcomes of behaviors can be helpful for the child with TS who has difficulty with impulse control and does not see the connection between actions and consequences. In addition to teaching the child the concept of cause and effect, children can be taught how to make choices and to accept consequences for them. Also important is providing the child with structure, direction, and limits regarding the expression of explosive anger. Included are brief annotations of three videotapes and three publications on TS. Descriptors: Behavior Change; *Behavior Modification; *Behavior Problems; *Discipline; Elementary Secondary Education; *Neurological Impairments; Parent Role; *Self Control; Teacher Role
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

ED372543 EC303175
Tourette Syndrome and Associated Features and the School Aged Child.
Willis, Christopher
16 Apr 1993
15p.; Paper presented at the Conference of the National Association of School Psychologists (25th, Washington, DC, April 16, 1993).
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: CONFERENCE PAPER (150); REVIEW LITERATURE (070)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Rhode Island
Journal Announcement: RIEDEC94
Target Audience: Practitioners
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is described as a genetically based, chronic constellation of neurobehavioral symptoms and associated features involving repetitive, simple, and/or complex motor and phonic tics. Treatment generally involves neuroleptic medication. Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, learning disabilities, neuropsychological anomalies, school adjustment problems, and behavior or conduct disorders are often associated with Tourette Syndrome. Milestones unique to the course of Tourette Syndrome may include parents' realization that something is unusual about their child's behavior, a referral to a school psychologist, an official diagnosis, and subsequent parental involvement with a support group. The role of the school psychologist involves evaluation, case manager, counselor or therapist, and advocacy. School psychologists are in a unique position to be prime facilitators and advocates in promoting self-esteem, encouraging school achievement, and supporting warm family relationships and peer socializations. Appendices outline symptoms and frequency of behavioral difficulties. Descriptors: Behavior Problems; Child Advocacy; *Congenital Impairments; Drug Therapy; Elementary Secondary Education; Multiple Disabilities; *Neurological Impairments; *School Psychologists; *Staff Role; Student Characteristics; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome

EJ425652 EC600299
An Educator's Guide to Tourette Syndrome.
Bronheim, Suzanne
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v24 n1 p17-22 Jan 1991
ISSN: 0022-2194
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Journal Announcement: CIJSEP91
Target Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Tourette Syndrome is described in terms of causes, treatment, associated disorders (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, learning disabilities), and classroom management (dealing with tics, writing problems, language problems, and attention problems). Common teacher questions concerning Tourette Syndrome are answered.
Descriptors: Attention Control; Behavior Problems; Classroom Techniques; Elementary Secondary Education; Etiology; Intervention; Language Handicaps; *Learning Disabilities; *Neurological Impairments; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders); Teaching Methods; Writing Difficulties
Identifiers: *Tourette Syndrome
 

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