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History of Gifted Education (April 2002)

Where can I find articles about the history of gifted education in America?

One might suspect that gifted programs originated with Plato, who believed in an intellectual elite. In the early part of the 20th century, programs consisted primarily of acceleration when students needed it. Formal gifted programs can be traced back to 1918. In 1924, "The Education of the Gifted" was published by the University of Chicago Press. Guy Whipple, Chairman of the Committee of the Society that was responsible for this volume (the second in a series), provided a brief historical summary of the interest in and concern for the education of gifted individuals, observing that perhaps the first systematic approach to providing for "bright pupils" was developed by the Superintendent of Schools in St. Louis, Dr. William T. Harris. In his reports for 1868-69 and for 1871-73, Harris commented on the advantages of promoting pupils at short intervals, as short as five weeks in the lower grades and of accelerating gifted pupils through the grades. He noted that the plan provided gifted pupils with more challenging work and prevented them from acquiring habits of laziness. (Reference: EC115052. Passow, A. Harry (Ed) (1979). The Gifted and the Talented: Their Education and Development. The Seventy-Eighth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education. Part I. 473P. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 5801 Ellis Ave. Chicago, IL 60637.)

Following are links to related Internet resources and Internet discussion groups, as well as selected citations from the ERIC database and the search terms we used to find the citations.


You can search the ERIC database yourself on the Internet through either of the following web sites:

ERIC Citations

The full text of citations beginning with an ED number (for example, EDxxxxxx) is available:

The full text of citations beginning with an EJ number (for example, EJxxxxxx) is available for a fee from:

ERIC Search Terms Used

gifted

AND

education history

EJ603385 EC624355
American Gifted Education at the Millennium: 150 Years of Experience.
Sayler, Michael F.
Understanding Our Gifted; v12 n1 p11-15 Fall 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180)
Language: English
Note: Theme Issue: "The Millennium...Looking Forward...Looking Back."
ERIC Issue: CIJSEP2000
This article traces the history of gifted education from multi-age grouping in the 19th and early 20th centuries to special schools and special classes for the gifted. It discusses the effects of the depression, Sputnik, the Marland Report, and the reform movement in the late 1980s and early 1990s. (Contains references.)
Descriptors: *Educational Change; *Educational History; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; *Grouping (Instructional Purposes); Social Influences; *Special Programs

EJ601369 EC624070
Back to the Future: The Top 10 Events That Have Shaped Gifted Education in the Last Century.
Coleman, Mary Ruth
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p16-18 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: the notion that intelligence could be measured, development of differentiated curriculum, the push to be the most powerful nation, appreciation for different intelligences, support for talent development, school reform efforts, and emerging understanding of how the brain functions.
Descriptors: *Educational Change; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; Intelligence; Policy Formation; *Social Influences; *Talent; *Talent Development
Identifiers: Differentiated Curriculum (Gifted)

EJ561009 EC618315
Fanning the Spark of Exceptional Creativity.
Mace, F. Borden
Journal of Secondary Gifted Education; v9 n2 p51-56 Win 1997-1998
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
ISSN-1077-4610
Language: English
Recounts the events and people that led to the formation of three early public residential schools for gifted students: the North Carolina School for Science and Mathematics; the Louisiana School for Mathematics, Science and Technology; and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. Common features included visionary individuals, availability of suitable properties, and a sense of mission.
Descriptors: *Academically Gifted; *Creativity; *Educational History; High Schools; Program Development; Public Education; *Residential Schools; *Special Schools; State Schools
Identifiers: Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy; Louisiana; North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics

EJ601379 EC624080
An American Century of Roots and Signposts in Gifted and Talented Education.
Stewart, Emily D.
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p56-57 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: deployment of Sputnik, Lewis Terman's giftedness definition, the Marland Report, Joseph Renzulli's inclusion of creativity, Talents Unlimited, Howard Gardner's multiple intelligences theory, David Feldman's use of developmental psychology in assessment, Sandra Kaplan, student diversity, and advances in technology.
Descriptors: Ability Identification; *Creativity; *Developmental Psychology; Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Educational Technology; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; Intelligence; Intelligence Tests; *Multiple Intelligences; *Social Influences; Space Exploration
Identifiers: Feldman (David Henry); Gardner (Howard); Renzulli (Joseph)

EJ601375 EC624076
A Century of Gifted Education: A Reflection of Who and What Made a Difference.
Imbeau, Marcia B.
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p40-43 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: intelligence testing, world wars, deployment of the Sputnik and resulting legislation, civil rights, the work of advocacy organizations, the study of creativity, the changing roles of women, school reform, technology and computers, and teacher effectiveness.
Descriptors: Ability Identification; Advocacy; Computer Uses in Education; Creativity; *Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Educational Legislation; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; Intelligence; *Intelligence Tests; Organizations (Groups); Policy Formation; *Social Influences; Space Exploration; Talent Development; *Teacher Role

EJ601374 EC624075
The Gifts of the 20th Century.
Hargrove, Kathy
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p38-39,65 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: intelligence testing, the concept of intelligence, the construct of creativity, greater understanding of brain functions, the work of John Dewey, Jerome Bruner, and Leta Hollingworth, school reform, world change, and the shift from identification to meeting curriculum needs.
Descriptors: Ability Identification; Creativity; *Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Educational Research; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; Intelligence; *Intelligence Tests; *Social Influences; Student Needs; Talent Development
Identifiers: Bruner (Jerome S); Dewey (John); *Differentiated Curriculum (Gifted); Hollingworth (Leta Stetter)

EJ601373 EC624074
My View of the "Top 10" Events That Have Influenced the Field of Gifted Education during the Past Century.
Haensly, Patricia A.
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p33-37 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: Renzulli's definition of giftedness, Sputnik, the Marland Report of 1971, and the development of the National Association for Gifted Children, the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, and the World Council for Gifted and Talented Children.
Descriptors: Ability Identification; Advocacy; *Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; Intelligence; International Cooperation; *International Organizations; *Organizations (Groups); Policy Formation; *Social Influences; Space Exploration; Talent Development
Identifiers: *Differentiated Curriculum (Gifted); Marland Report; National Association for Gifted Children; National Research Center on Gifted and Talented; Renzulli (Joseph); World Council for Gifted and Talented Children

EJ601371 EC624072
Top Ten List (Plus or Minus Two) for the 20th Century.
Cross, Tracy L.
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p22-25 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: psychometrically-based pedagogy, the space race, the civil rights movement, passage of special education legislation, changing concepts of intelligence, brain based research, curriculum differentiation, the inclusion model of instruction, and funding of gifted research. Future educational trends are discussed.
Descriptors: Ability Identification; Advocacy; *Civil Rights; *Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Elementary Secondary Education; Federal Legislation; *Gifted; Inclusive Schools; Intelligence; *Intelligence Tests; Policy Formation; *Social Influences; Space Exploration; Special Education; Talent Development
Identifiers: *Differentiated Curriculum (Gifted)

EJ601380 EC624081
Celebrating Our Future by Revisiting Our Past.
Weber, Christine L.
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p58-59,64 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes critical events that have shaped gifted education, including: the work of Lewis Terman and Leta Hollingworth, establishment of the National Association for Gifted Children, the First World Conference for Gifted Children, differentiated curriculum, federal gifted legislation, and the publication of "National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent." (Contains references.)
Descriptors: *Ability Identification; Advocacy; Definitions; Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Educational Legislation; Elementary Secondary Education; *Federal Legislation; *Gifted; Intelligence; International Cooperation; Organizations (Groups); Policy Formation; *Social Influences; Talent Development
Identifiers: *Differentiated Curriculum (Gifted); Hollingworth (Leta Stetter); Jacob K Javits Gifted Talented Stdnt Educ Act 1988; National Association for Gifted Children

EJ601378 EC624079
The Top 10 Events Creating Gifted Education for the New Century.
Roberts, Julia Link
Gifted Child Today Magazine; v22 n6 p53-55 Nov-Dec 1999
Publication Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (180); POSITION PAPER (120); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
ISSN-1076-2175
Language: English
Note: Special End-of-the-Millennium Issue.
ERIC Issue: CIJAUG2000
This article describes events that have shaped gifted education, including: deployment of Sputnik, the Marland Report, advocacy organizations, curriculum differentiation, brain research, gifted residential schools, the Richardson Study, the Javits Gifted and Talented Students Act, "National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent," and state initiatives requiring gifted services.
Descriptors: *Advocacy; *Educational Change; Educational Development; *Educational History; Educational Innovation; Elementary Secondary Education; *Federal Legislation; *Gifted; Organizations (Groups); Policy Formation; Residential Schools; *Social Influences; Space Exploration; State Regulation; Talent Development
Identifiers: Differentiated Curriculum (Gifted); Jacob K Javits Gifted Talented Stdnt Educ Act 1988; Marland Report

EJ491108 EC609638
"Termanal" Science? The Work of Lewis Terman Revisited.
Vialle, Wilma
Roeper Review, v17 n1 p32-38 Sep 1994
ISSN: 0278-3193
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); POSITION PAPER (120)
Journal Announcement: CIJFEB95
This article place's Lewis Terman's work in the context of his time and space, in response to criticism of biases against women and certain ethnic groups in his work. The paper concludes that, notwithstanding the unacceptability of his ideas on women and race, Terman's work provides an important foundation for the field of gifted education.
Descriptors: Context Effect; Educational History; *Educational Research; Educational Researchers; Elementary Secondary Education; Ethnic Groups; Females; *Gifted; *Racial Bias; *Sex Bias; Social Bias
Identifiers: *Terman (Lewis M)

ED372585 EC303218
American Culture and the Gifted.
Resnick, Daniel P.; Goodman, Madeline
Jun 1994
14p.; In: Ross, Patricia O' Connell, Ed. National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent. An Anthology of Readings; see EC 303 213.
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: POSITION PAPER (120); REVIEW LITERATURE (070)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Pennsylvania
Journal Announcement: RIEDEC94
This paper, commissioned for the development of the national report, "National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent," examines the relationship between American culture and efforts to educate gifted and talented students. The paper presents a historical overview of the cultural forces that have affected public policy, reviews the conflict between equality and intellect, and examines public education's attempts to educate gifted students. A lack of respect for achievement, effort, and merit in American schools and culture is noted. The ideas of de Toqueville, Locke, Binet, and Terman are cited to help explain the cultural forces influencing the education of gifted children. Three challenges for American policy makers are identified: (1) the need to make American culture supportive of efforts to develop the talents of young people; (2) the need to reform schools so that the needs of students who have "a curiosity and taste for achievement" are challenged and a less restrictive view of talent is adopted; and (3) the need to make able students "visible pace-setters within their schools" and to make schools more challenging for a broader spectrum of students.
Descriptors: *Cultural Influences; Educational Change; *Educational History; Educational Needs; *Educational Philosophy; *Educational Quality; Elementary Secondary Education; Equal Education; Excellence in Education; *Gifted; Policy Formation; Public Schools; School Restructuring; *Talent

ED372584 EC303217
Current and Historical Thinking on Education for Gifted and Talented Students.
Gallagher, James J.
Jun 1994
26p.; In: Ross, Patricia O' Connell, Ed. National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent. An Anthology of Readings; see EC 303 213.
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
EDRS Price - MF01/PC02 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: REVIEW LITERATURE (070); POSITION PAPER (120)
Geographic Source: U.S.; North Carolina
Journal Announcement: RIEDEC94
This paper, commissioned for the development of the national report, "National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent," provides historical background on issues in gifted education, together with ideas and practices from the special educational strategies now in use for gifted students. The report focuses on the nature of superior intelligence, the general school adaptations for these children, current and unresolved issues in the education of the gifted, and specific policy issues in gifted education. Historical information describing how early cultures addressed or failed to address the needs of gifted children is offered. A major problem is seen to be the ambivalent feelings toward gifted children traditionally seen in the American society. Various definitions of giftedness are discussed, as are traits that characterize gifted children. Specific current issues addressed include the following: (1) educational reform; (2) creativity; (3) underserved populations (cultural differences, gifted girls, and gifted students with disabilities); (4) accountability; and (5) equity versus excellence. Future research is urged in such areas as understanding intellectual processes, assessing educational strategies for gifted students, and information processing. A table summarizes federal policy and legislation regarding the gifted since 1958.
Descriptors: Creativity; *Cultural Influences; Definitions; Educational Change; *Educational History; Educational Legislation; Educational Needs; Educational Policy; Educational Practices; *Educational Trends; Elementary Secondary Education; *Excellence in Education; Federal Legislation; Females; *Gifted; Gifted Disabled; Research Needs; Student Characteristics; *Talent; Trend Analysis

EJ441228 EC602520
The Marland Report: Twenty Years Later.
Harrington, Joseph; And Others
Journal for the Education of the Gifted, v15 n1 p31-43 Fall 1991
ISSN: 0162-3532
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
Journal Announcement: CIJJUL92
This report examines federal involvement in gifted education in the 20 years since the Marland report on needs of gifted and talented students. Noted is the passage, in 1988, of the Javits Bill which implemented the major recommendations of the Marland report including establishment of the Office of Gifted and Talented and training of teachers.
Descriptors: Educational History; *Educational Legislation; Elementary Secondary Education; Federal Aid; *Gifted; *Government Role; *Special Education; *Talent; Teacher Education
Identifiers: *Hawkins Stafford Act 1988; *Marland (Sidney P)

EJ413283 EC231412
Contributions of Leta Hollingworth to School Psychology.
Fagan, Thomas K.
Roeper Review, v12 n3 p157-61 Mar 1990
Report No: ISSN-0278-3193
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
Journal Announcement: CIJJAN91
The contributions of psychologist and educator, Leta Hollingworth (1886-1939), to the development of school psychological services are identified. Considered are her organizational involvement, professional writing, and research in this area.
Descriptors: Biographies; Educational History; Elementary Secondary Education; Females; *Gifted; *Psychologists; *Psychology
Identifiers: *Hollingworth (Leta Stetter)

EJ410283 EC230518
Counseling Gifted Students: A Historical Review.
St. Clair, Karen L.
Roeper Review, v12 n2 p98-102 Dec 1989
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); REVIEW LITERATURE (070)
Journal Announcement: CIJNOV90
The history of counseling gifted students from the early 1900s to the present is reviewed, with emphasis on such trends as the nondirective approach (1950s), beginnings of counseling in the schools (1960s), program development for counseling gifted students (1970s), and diversity in counseling (1980s).
Descriptors: *Counseling Services; Counseling Theories; *Delivery Systems; Educational History; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; *Trend Analysis

EJ388870 EC212494
It All Began with Leta Hollingworth: The Story of Giftedness in Women.
Silverman, Linda Kreger
Journal for the Education of the Gifted, v12 n2 p86-98 Win 1989
Special Issue: Gifted Girls and Gifted Women.
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
Journal Announcement: CIJSEP89
Examined are the contributions of Leta Stetter Hollingworth to the field of gifted education, and especially her battle to refute beliefs of her time that females were innately inferior in intelligence to males. Her nurturing of giftedness in females is illustrated through excerpts from her writings.
Descriptors: *Educational History; Elementary Secondary Education; *Females; *Gifted; Intelligence; Postsecondary Education; *Sex Differences; *Sex Stereotypes
Identifiers: *Hollingworth (Leta Stetter)

EJ374936 EC210126
Reflections on Three Decades of Education of the Gifted.
Passow, A. Harry
Gifted Education International, v5 n2 p79-83 1988
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); POSITION PAPER (120)
Journal Announcement: CIJDEC88
Philosophy and practice in gifted education are reviewed, emphasizing the need for a comprehensive planning policy which takes into account the total experience of the gifted student and the need for a differentiated curriculum. Gifted education should include basic skills, general curriculum, talent development, and interpersonal relationships and values.
Descriptors: Basic Skills; Curriculum Development; *Educational History; *Educational Philosophy; Educational Planning; *Educational Policy; *Educational Practices; Elementary Secondary Education; Experiential Learning; *Gifted; Individualized Programs; Interpersonal Relationship; Skill Development; Talent Development; Values Education

ED315949 EC222099
The Gifted Movement--Forward or on a Treadmill. Leadership Accessing Monograph: Education of Gifted and Talented Youth.
Tannenbaum, Abraham
Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN. Gifted Education Resource Inst. 1988; 51p.
Sponsoring Agency: Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis. Office of Gifted and Talented Education.
EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: POSITION PAPER (120); HISTORICAL MATERIAL (060); SERIAL (022)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Indiana
Journal Announcement: RIEJUL90
Government: State
The historical evolution of concern for education of gifted students is traced, along with the philosophical tides accompanying that evolution from the 1950s through the 1980s. It is argued that the public is alternatively supportive and antagonistic toward the gifted/talented. Periods of intense concern about their educational welfare are often followed with periods of apathy, antagonism, or lack of concern. The pre-Sputnik 1950s are contrasted with the post-Sputnik 1950s in terms of action on behalf of the gifted. The 1960s are viewed as a decade of turmoil during which large numbers of able students were encouraged to enroll in science programs early in the decade while attention turned to other pressures later, such as school integration, compensatory education, and Vietnam and the disenchantment of youth. The 1970s then saw renewed attention to the gifted, due to federal legislation targeting gifted students and the issuing of the Marland report which documented the deteriorated condition of gifted programs. The 1980s were marked by well-established programs for the gifted/talented in many American schools, educational provisions for underprivileged minorities, and less reliance upon Intelligence Quotients as measures of giftedness. The monograph closes with a "bill of rights" for the gifted.
Descriptors: Ability Identification; *Educational History; Educational Philosophy; *Educational Practices; *Educational Trends; Elementary Secondary Education; *Gifted; Program Development; Student Rights
 

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