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Epilepsy (updated April 2000)

Do you have any information on epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition that from time to time produces brief disturbances in the normal electrical functions of the brain. Normal brain function is made possible by millions of tiny electrical charges passing between nerve cells in the brain and to all parts of the body. When someone has epilepsy, this normal pattern may be interrupted by intermittent bursts of electrical energy that are much more intense than usual. They affect a person's consciousness, bodily movements or sensations for a short time.

Epilepsy may be treated with drugs, surgery, or a special diet. Of these treatments, drug therapy is by far the most common, and is usually the first to be tried. A number of medications are currently used in the treatment of epilepsy. These medications control different types of seizures. People who have more than one type of seizure may have to take more than one kind of drug, although doctors try to control seizures with one drug, if possible. (From the Epilepsy Foundation, http://www.efa.org)

Following are links to related Internet resources and Internet discussion groups, as well as selected citations from the ERIC database and the search terms we used to find the citations.


You can search the ERIC database yourself on the Internet through either of the following web sites:

Note: The primary focus of the ERIC system is education. While the ERIC database contains information on some medical disorders, you may want to search a medical database such as MEDLINE at the National Library of Medicine or MedWeb at Emory University, or the National Resource Library at the University of Minnesota.

ERIC Citations

The full text of citations beginning with an ED number (for example, EDxxxxxx) is available:

  • In microfiche collections worldwide; to find your nearest ERIC Resource Collection, point your web browser to: http://ericae.net/derc.htm.
  • For a fee through the ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS): http://edrs.com, service@edrs.com, or 1.800.443.ERIC. (no longer available)

The full text of citations beginning with an EJ number (for example, EJxxxxxx) is available for a fee from:

ERIC Search Terms Used

epilepsy

EJ487924 EC609111
Listening to Epilepsy.
Brunquell, Phillip J.
Infants and Young Children, v7 n1 p24-33 Jul 1994
ISSN: 0896-3746
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); REVIEW LITERATURE (070)
Journal Announcement: CIJDEC94
This paper discusses what epilepsy is and what it is not, defines types of epileptic seizures, identifies epilepsy syndromes, discusses antiepileptic drugs, describes seizure surgery, and examines issues of quality of life.
Descriptors: Drug Therapy; *Epilepsy; Quality of Life; *Seizures; Surgery; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders)

EJ472637 EC607075
The Special Education Teachers and Epilepsy.
Hampson, Eric
B.C. Journal of Special Education, v17 n1 p26-32 1993
ISSN: 0704-7509
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); REVIEW LITERATURE (070); NON- CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Journal Announcement: CIJMAR94
Basic information about epilepsy is provided for special education teachers. Epilepsy is seen as primarily a symptom and is not, by itself, a reason for special education placement. Epilepsy may, however, also occur in cases where learning difficulties are the sequelae of generalized brain damage. (DB)
Descriptors: *Epilepsy; Etiology; Learning Problems; Neurological Impairments; Special Education; Student Characteristics; Student Placement

ED372587 EC303220
Epilepsy in the Classroom: Guidance for Educators.
Lassner, Lee M.
Nov 1993; 31p.; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 10-12, 1993).
EDRS Price - MF01/PC02 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055); CONFERENCE PAPER (150)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Mississippi
Journal Announcement: RIEDEC94
Target Audience: Teachers; Counselors; Practitioners
This paper for educators, school psychologists, and counselors attempts to provide guidance for meeting the needs of students with epilepsy. Stressed throughout the paper are ways to provide for the child's special needs while fostering his/her self esteem and full participation in classroom activities. The paper addresses the following topics: (1) what epilepsy is; (2) types of epilepsy; (3) recognizing epileptic seizures; (4) identification, evaluation, and correct placement; (5) consultation; (6) counseling; (7) coordination of programs; (8) research; (9) specific knowledge educators, counselors, and children should have; (10) medicines for epilepsy and their side effects; (11) administration of antiepileptic drugs by school officials; (12) seizure management; (13) epilepsy and academic achievement; (14) epilepsy and athletics; and (15) the future. Contains 22 references. (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement; Counselor Role; Definitions; Disability Identification; Drug Therapy; *Educational Needs; Elementary Secondary Education; *Epilepsy; Mainstreaming; Peer Relationship; *Seizures; Special Health Problems; *Symptoms (Individual Disorders); Teacher Role

ED358997 RC019170
Rural Issues for Children and Families Affected by Epilepsy.
Ellis, Gail Johnston
Mar 1993; 12p.; In: Montgomery, Diane, Ed. Rural America: Where All Innovations Begin. Conference Proceedings (Savannah, GA, March 11-13, 1993); see RC 019 153. Seizure recognition chart contains small print.
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: REVIEW LITERATURE (070); CONFERENCE PAPER (150)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Maryland
Journal Announcement: RIENOV93
Epilepsy affects approximately one percent of the population, with most cases having onset during childhood. School personnel can best incorporate the child with epilepsy into the classroom and provide support for families by becoming familiar with the types of seizure disorders, the issues that epilepsy presents for children and families, and the supports that children and families need. This paper provides information on: (1) seizure types, what they look like, first aid, and what not to do; (2) common misconceptions and negative attitudes regarding epilepsy that can compromise a child's ability to participate actively in social and school activities; (3) difficulties in diagnosis and medication and resulting family stress; (4) possible scholastic difficulties; and (5) the benefits and drawbacks of rural living and rural schools for children with epilepsy and their families. Two brief case studies illustrate the social, emotional, and academic effects that epilepsy can have on children. Ways in which the school can alleviate some of the problems of students with epilepsy and their families are suggested, including an information seminar for the entire school about epilepsy and associated problems, designating one staff member to be a support person for the student, and maintaining frequent family contacts. Information sources on epilepsy for teachers and family are noted.
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education; *Epilepsy; Family School Relationship; *Mainstreaming; Misconceptions; Rural Areas; *Rural Schools; Social Adjustment; *Social Bias; *Special Education; Stress Variables; *Student Participation

EJ455514 CG542104
Classroom Performance and Adaptive Skills in Children with Epilepsy.
Huberty, Thomas J.; And Others
Journal of School Psychology, v30 n4 p331-42 Win 1992
ISSN: 0022-4405
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); RESEARCH REPORT (143)
Journal Announcement: CIJMAY93
Studied relationships of age at onset, seizure syndrome, seizure type, and seizure frequency to classroom performance and adaptive skills of 131 children with epilepsy. Epilepsy syndrome and frequency of seizures significantly related to some analyses. Results suggest that seizure disorder associated with diffuse or multifocal brain insult can produce problems in achievement and school adaptation.
Descriptors: *Academic Achievement; *Adjustment (to Environment); Elementary Education; *Elementary School Students; *Epilepsy; *Personality Traits; *Student Adjustment

ED353711 EC301742
Epilepsy: General Information. Fact Sheet Number 6 = La Epilepsia: Informacion General. Fact Sheet Number 20.
Interstate Research Associates, McLean, VA.; National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities, Washington, DC. Sep 1992
5p.; Sponsoring Agency: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC. Contract No: H030A00002
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English; Spanish
Document Type: REVIEW LITERATURE (070); MULTILINGUAL/BILINGUAL MATERIALS (171)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Virginia
Journal Announcement: RIEJUN93
This fact sheet on epilepsy is offered in both English and Spanish. It provides a definition, information on incidence, typical characteristics, and educational implications. It notes that epilepsy is classified as "other health impaired" under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and that students with epilepsy are eligible for special educational services. These include adaptations in classroom instruction and first aid instruction on seizure management for the child's teachers. The importance of communication between family and school is stressed. The fact sheet lists four print resources and two organizations.
Descriptors: Definitions; *Educational Needs; Elementary Secondary Education; *Epilepsy; Incidence; Preschool Education; *Seizures; *Special Health Problems; Student Characteristics

EJ426437 SP520359
The Schoolchild with Epilepsy: How Do We Respond?
Bergen, Donna
PTA Today, v16 n4 p18 Feb 1991
ISSN: 0195-2781
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Journal Announcement: CIJSEP91
Target Audience: Parents; Teachers; Practitioners
Parents and teachers who are informed about epilepsy can avoid unpleasant classroom situations. A brief explanation of epilepsy is followed by information on what to do in case a seizure occurs at school. The best policy is for parents to forewarn the school and create an appropriate plan.
Descriptors: Children; Classroom Environment; Elementary Education; *Epilepsy; Parent School Relationship; *Parent Teacher Cooperation; *Seizures; *Teacher Role
Identifiers: *Emergency Preparedness

EJ413307 EC231436
A Survey of the Use of Antiepileptic and Muscle Relaxant Medication in a Sample of Children with Neuromotor Disorders.
Greer, Bobby G.; And Others
Research in Developmental Disabilities, v11 n2 p241-48 1990
Report No: ISSN-0891-4222
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); RESEARCH REPORT (143)
Journal Announcement: CIJJAN91
A longitudinal survey of 424 preschoolers and infants with neuromotor disorders served by a children's rehabilitation center was conducted to determine the number who were receiving muscle relaxant or anticonvulsant medication, as well as average daily dosages. An increase in the number of antiepileptic prescriptions was found from 1962 to 1986.
Descriptors: *Drug Therapy; *Epilepsy; *Incidence; Longitudinal Studies; Medical Services; *Neurological Impairments; Pharmacology; Preschool Education; Rehabilitation Centers; *Trend Analysis
Identifiers: *Antiepileptic Medication; *Muscle Relaxants

ED312817 EC221275
Trick or Treat or Trouble: Featuring Brian McDaniel. The Kids on the Block Book Series.
Aiello, Barbara; Shulman, Jeffrey
1989; 59p.; For related books, see EC 221 270-277 Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); POSITION PAPER (120)
Journal Announcement: CIJMAY89
A parent talks of his family's experience in choosing to keep a severely retarded epileptic 20-year-old son at home. Coss such as loss of the image of a perfect family and benefits such as increased personal growth are identified.
Descriptors: *Decision Making; *Epilepsy; *Family Problems; *Multiple Disabilities; Personal Narratives; *Severe Mental Retardation; Young Adults

EJ361106 EC201017
Nurturing a Special Child.
Kelso, Jill
Exceptional Parent, v17 n8 p50-53 Nov-Dec 1987
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); POSITION PAPER (120)
Journal Announcement: CIJFEB88
Target Audience: Parents
A mother of a son with epilepsy and dyslexia offers 10 guidelines for parents including: acknowledge your grief; recognize assets and limitations; encourage independence; ignore unsolicited advice; be proud of your child's achievements; make use of financial aid; subscribe to newsletters; get to know your child's physician; and make time for yourself.
Descriptors: *Child Rearing; *Disabilities; *Dyslexia; *Epilepsy; Personal Narratives

ED299767 EC211046
A Child's Guide to Seizure Disorders.
Epilepsy Foundation of America, Landover, MD. 1987
7p.; For related documents, see EC 211 045-047.
Report No: 078-787-CGS
Available From: Epilepsy Foundation of America, 4351 Garden City Dr., Landover, MD 20785.
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL (051)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Maryland
Journal Announcement: RIEMAR89
Target Audience: Students
Intended for young children suffering from seizure disorders, the booklet explains what a seizure disorder is, encourages the asking of questions, provides a simple explanation of how seizures happen and what effects they have, describes various kinds of seizures, and stresses the importance of taking prescribed medication regularly. Also stressed are first aid measures a child can take if he sees another child having a seizure.
Descriptors: Drug Therapy; *Epilepsy; Neurology; Safety Education; *Seizures; *Self Care Skills

ED299766 EC211045
The Teacher's Role: Children and Epilepsy. A Guide for School Personnel. Revised Edition.
Epilepsy Foundation of America, Landover, MD.
1987; 17p.; For related documents, see EC 211 046-047.
Report No: 068-186-SCB
Available From: Epilepsy Foundation of America, 4351 Garden City Dr., Landover, MD 20785 (free).
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Maryland
Journal Announcement: RIEMAR89
Target Audience: Practitioners
The brief guide offers information on epilepsy to teachers and other school personnel. Types of seizures are defined (e.g., simple and complex partial seizures, generalized tonic clonic seizures), and management practices in the classroom setting for each type of seizure are described. Signs indicating that a seizure requires immediate medical attention are listed. Specific suggestions for helping other children in the class understand what seizures are and deal with the experience of witnessing a seizure are offered. Other topics addressed in the pamphlet include medication for seizure prevention and the school's involvement in this responsibility, symptoms a teacher might note in a child as yet undiagnosed with epilepsy, academic and behavioral expectations for the epileptic child, avoiding overprotection, and communicating with parents. A list of suggested readings is included.
Descriptors: Drug Therapy; Elementary Education; *Epilepsy; Mainstreaming; *Neurological Impairments; *Noninstructional Responsibility; Normalization (Handicapped); Parent Teacher Cooperation; Peer Acceptance; Seizures; *Teacher Role

EJ335546 CG530197
Students with Epilepsy: Counseling Implications for the Hidden Handicap.
Hourcade, Jack J.; Parette, Howard P., Jr.
School Counselor, v33 n4 p279-85 Mar 1986
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); PROJECT DESCRIPTION (141)
Journal Announcement: CIJSEP86
Provides school counselors and other educational personnel with basic information regarding epilepsy and seizure control and management. Discusses how to provide appropriate services to epileptic students and their families, especially in the students' adjustment to regular school programs. (Author/ABB)
Descriptors: *Adjustment Counselors; Children; Counseling Objectives; Elementary Education; *Epilepsy; *Individual Needs; *Physical Disabilities; School Counselors; Special Health Problems; *Student Needs

EJ321134 EC180330
Let's Talk about Seizures. Part I. Questions and Answers for Children.
Goldman, Jeri
Exceptional Parent, v15 n4 p24-26,28 Jul 1985
Language: English
Document Type: JOURNAL ARTICLE (080); NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Journal Announcement: CIJNOV85
Target Audience: Students; Parents
Written for children with seizures and their caregivers, the article answers questions concerning the cause, types, and treatment of seizures.
Descriptors: *Coping; Drug Therapy; Elementary Secondary Education; *Epilepsy; Etiology; Medical Services; *Seizures

EJ302455 CG526626
Helplessness and Resourcefulness in Coping with Epilepsy.
Rosenbaum, Michael; Palmon, Noami
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v52 n2 p244-53 Apr 1984
Language: English
Document Type: RESEARCH REPORT (143)
Journal Announcement: CIJNOV84
Tested the hypothesis that psychological adjustment to epilepsy would be a joint function of subjects' (N=50) perceived repertoire of self-control skills and the extent to which they were exposed to uncontrollable seizures. Results showed that high-resourceful epileptics exposed to lower frequencies of seizures coped better with their disability.
Descriptors: *Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled); *Coping; Emotional Adjustment; *Epilepsy; Foreign Countries; *Helplessness; Patients; Self Control
Identifiers: Israel

ED248658 EC170437
Babysitting for Special Children. Tips on Caring for a Child with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Epilepsy or Mental Retardation.
Minnesota State Comprehensive Epilepsy Program, Minneapolis.; Wisconsin Council on Developmental Disabilities, Madison.
1983; 17p.
EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Language: English
Document Type: NON-CLASSROOM MATERIAL (055)
Geographic Source: U.S.; Minnesota
Journal Announcement: RIEFEB85
Government: State
Target Audience: Practitioners
The booklet is designed to help people interested in babysitting for children with special needs. A brief explanation of each of the four disabilities covered by this guide (autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and mental retardation) is followed by a checklist designed to elicit information on practical issues from parents, such as communication methods, special routines, preferences, medication, special handling, play positions, seizure activity, sleep, feeding, behavior problems, and special equipment. The booklet concludes with general babysitting tips about safety and first aid.
Descriptors: *Autism; *Cerebral Palsy; *Child Rearing; *Epilepsy; First Aid; *Mental Retardation; *Respite Care; Safety Identifiers: *Babysitters
 

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